The Ironic Defense of Socrates: Plato's Apology
This book offers a controversial interpretation of Plato's Apology of Socrates. By paying unusually close attention to what Socrates indicates about the meaning and extent of his irony, David Leibowitz arrives at unconventional conclusions about Socrates' teaching on virtue, politics, and the gods; the significance of his famous turn from natural philosophy to political philosophy; and the purpose of his insolent 'defense speech'. Leibowitz shows that Socrates is not just a colorful and quirky figure from the distant past but an unrivaled guide to the good life - the thoughtful life - who is as relevant today as in ancient Athens. On the basis of his unconventional understanding of the dialogue as a whole, and of the Delphic oracle story in particular, Leibowitz shows that the Apology is the key to the Platonic corpus, indicating how many of the disparate themes and apparently contradictory conclusions of the other dialogues fit together.
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Achilles Alcibiades Anytus Apology of Socrates Aristophanes Athenians Athens believe beneﬁt Burnet Cephalus Chaerephon charges Charmides chieﬂy city’s claim clever speaker conﬁdent conﬁrm consider conversation corruption Crito daimonic daimonion danger death defense speech Delphic oracle story deny deserve dialogue divine experience emphasis added Euthyphro evidence examinations exhortations explain ﬁnd ﬁrst accusers ﬁrst place god’s gods Gorgias Greek Hackforth happiness hence human wisdom impiety indicates injustice interlocutors interpretation investigation irony jurors jury justice knowledge least Leo Strauss mean Meletus moral natural science natural scientist nobility noble one’s perhaps persuade Phaedo philosophy Plato poets political politicians possible present accusers prooemium Protagoras punishment question reason reﬂection refutations reply Republic rhetoric seems slander Socrates says Socratic Irony someone sophists speak speech the stronger statement Strauss sufﬁcient Symposium teaching tell Theaetetus Theages things aloft Thrasymachus trial understanding unjust virtue weaker speech whole truth wise words Xenophon young