History of Behar Indigo Factories: Reminiscences of Behar. Tirhoot and Its Inhabitants of the Past. History of Behar Light Horse Volunteers

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Calcutta General Print. Company, 1908 - Bihar (India) - 334 pages
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I was looking for the history of some Indigo Planters Association of Behar. I got some useful information.Dr B K Sen

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I read this book almost forty years ago when I was doing my doctoral research work on Champaran (Bihar), which was the major seat of indigo cultivation and production. This book by Minden Wilson proved a great help because it had detailed information about the growth of indigo factories after the collapse of sugar production and how the prevailing agrarian relations and the growing agitation against indigo planters in Bengal proper forced them to migrate to Champaran (Bihar). Indigo planters earned the support of the government after their role in 1857 revolt. They stood by the government. John Beames's (who was the head of the district administration in the late 1860s) writings too are very important as they give details about the oppressive behaviour of the planters. My book "Agrarian Problems of Permanent Settlement--A Case Study of Champaran" (1978) is a detailed study of the rise and fall of indigo plantation in Champaran and the role of Gandhi. Girish Mishra  

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Page 174 - When I remember all The friends so linked together, I've seen around me fall Like leaves in wintry weather; I feel like one Who treads alone Some banquet-hall deserted, Whose lights are fled, Whose garlands dead, And all but he departed...
Page 57 - I am quite sure that prices must continue to rise, and that they must rise considerably, before the system is on a satisfactory footing. It will then depend on the European market, whether this rise can be borne, or whether it will tend to the destruction of the trade. Such a destruction would, even under the present system, be an unmitigated calamity to the people. But for the present, at all events, I think we need apprehend nothing so serious ; as the margin of profit is large enough, even after...
Page 116 - I believed was already dead ; however, there could have been no doubt about it when I had ceased to fire, and we gathered round our trophy. It proved to be a tigress over nine feet long from tip of nose to end of tail. She was handed over to the chamar (tanner) to skin and partly tan ; and we afterwards found that the natives had boned all the whiskers and several of the claws as charms, which was very amusing I have shot several tigers since those days, but have never succeeded in recovering the...
Page 69 - North, in a letter, dated the 25th January, 1780, that he wished to introduce ' indigo, sugar and tobacco, into Great Britain from the East Indies ' and in a subsequent letter to the same nobleman he stated he had ' with the utmost trouble and expense ~" •collected round him Europeans bred to different arts and science, as well as the most intelligent mechanics and planters of the East '." " Although it must be admitted, as will be evident from the above collection of facts, that indigo was produced...
Page 128 - In 1847 the rates paid for ryotti indigo were very low — Rs. 6-8 per acre for good plant — and, as ryots often had to pay high rents, very little remained to the cultivator after paying this.
Page 155 - ... from the sun and cold as well as the public gaze. The ladies of the " upper ten " travel in palanquins covered over generally, with a red cloth, in which is cut a little hole on each side to admit air, or to be used as a peep-hole, from, whence they can see and not be seen. After the bathing-day the fair begins to clear, and very soon is almost empty.
Page 127 - If rain has fallen at the propitious time — by the end of June — the plant is nearly ready to cut, and early in July the factory presents a very busy appearance. Carts arrive in hundreds, laden with indigo, which are backed, and the contents emptied into the vats, on each of which coolies are employed to carefully stack it.
Page 196 - We were not sorry when the time came for us to leave Calcutta, which we did towards the end of January, 1857, returning as we came.
Page 157 - Segowlie entertain the public by competing at tent-pegging and other feats of horsemanship. This, however, has now given way to polo, and a struggle for superiority between a Trans-Gangetic and a Tirhoot team is always viewed with great interest by the fair lookers on, who behold the contest from the top of fourin-hand drags, seated on tandem carts, or carriages of all kinds.
Page 155 - Sonepore are crowded with pedestrians of both sexes, also conveyances of every denomination. Women of all classes, dressed in the brightest of colours with all the jewellery they have, sparkling on their...

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