Encyclopedia of Government and Politics, Volume 1

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M. E. Hawkesworth, Maurice Kogan
Psychology Press, 1992 - Political science - 637 pages
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This international Encyclopaedia provides a balanced, comprehensive account of contemporary trends in world, regional and nation-state government and politics. In 84 in-depth essays, in two scholarly volumes, it captures the global changes, both theoretical and factual, of the past three decades - to give an unprecedented overview of political science and political affairs on the eve of the new century. An essential resource, the Encyclopaedia of Government and Politics provides accessible, authoritative coverage of the disciplines, examining for example, political theory, processes and behaviour, policy-making, pressure groups, contemporary ideologies, international relations, and major issues in world affairs, such as nationalism, arms control and disarmament, human rights and democratisation. Written by experts in each field, the entries analyse traditional approaches (including access to non-Western sources), assess recent developments and chart the directions for future research; each topic includes extensive bibliographies and suggestions for further reading. The volumes are introduced and placed in context in an essay by Mary Hawkesworth, which advances the conceptual treatment of political science to a new level. The articles which follow are thematically arranged under nine main headings: Political Theory: Central Concepts, Contemporary Ideologies, Contemporary Political Systems, Political Institutions, Political Forces and Political Processes, Centripetal and Centrifugal Forces in the Nation-State, Policy-Making and Policies, International Relations, and Major Issues in Contemporary Politics. Key Features * 84 in-depth essays provide a current, balanced guide to international government and politics * Prestigious editors lead a worldwide team of specialists in each field * Clearly and incisively written to meet the needs of students, lecturers and practitioners at all levels * Helpful bibliographies - of new and classic material and suggestions for further reading * Extensive index of Topics and People
 

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Contents

Conceptions of the state
43
Revolution 1
49
Conceptions of power
56
Conceptions of law
70
The concept of security 73
73
Conceptions of justice
80
Conceptions of human nature
103
Conceptions of legitimacy
116
Bureaucracies
304
unitary systems
316
federal systems
336
Personality and politics
355
Interest groups
377
Political parties
393
Terrorism 1061
405
Campaigns and elections
413

Asia 1201
125
Part HI Contemporary ideologies
129
Latin America 1215
148
Marxism
155
Fascism
167
Fundamentalism
179
Liberal democracies
195
Social welfare policy 792
209
Communist and postcommunist systems
215
Contemporary authoritarian regimes
229
Military dictatorships
247
Executives
267
Legislatures
279
Courts
293
Political participation and voting behaviour
428
Political socialization
443
Political communication
471
Recruitment of elites
486
Centripetal and centrifugal forces in the nationstate
505
Religion and politics
521
Race and politics
534
Refugees 1339
552
Class and politics
555
Ethnicity and politics
568
Language and politics
587
Gender and politics
603
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