Crisis Management During the Roman Republic: The Role of Political Institutions in Emergencies
"Crisis" is the defining word for our times and it likewise played a key role in defining the scope of government during the Roman Republic. Crisis Management during the Roman Republic is a comprehensive analysis of several key incidents in the history of the Republic that can be characterized as crises, and the institutional response mechanisms that were employed by the governing apparatus to resolve them. Concentrating on military and other violent threats to the stability of the governing system, this book highlights both the strengths and weaknesses of the institutional framework that the Romans created. Looking at key historical moments such as the Second Punic War (218-201 BC), the upheavals caused by the Gracchi (133 and 121 BC), the conflict between Marius and Sulla (88 BC), the conspiracy of Catiline (63 BC), and the instability following Caesar's assassination in 44 BC that marked the end of the Republic, Gregory K. Golden considers how the Romans defined a crisis and what measures were taken to combat them, including declaring a state of emergency, suspending all non-war-related business, and instituting an emergency military draft, as well as resorting to rule by dictator in the early Republic.
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actions Aemilius Antiochus Antony Antony’s Appian BC appointed army attempt battle Brennan Briscoe Brutus Caesar Camillus Capua Carthaginian Cassius Catiline Cicero Clodius command consul consular consulship Cornelius Crassus crises crisis response decision decree defeat detail dictator dictatorship discussion dispute elections emergency episode Fabius ﬁeld ﬁnal arbiter ﬁrst full references Fulvius Gaius Gracchus Gallic Gauls Hannibal Hartﬁeld immediately impasse interrex Italy iustitium Jugurtha later legions Lepidus levy Lintott Livy Livy 22 Livy’s magistrates Marius matter measures mention military Mithridates normal notes Oakley Octavian ofﬁce ofﬁcial Opimius Orosius passage passed Paullus Phil plebs Plut Plutarch political Polyb Polybius Pompey praetor reports Roman Republic Rome Rome’s Sallust SC ultimum Second Punic War senate senate’s senatorial senatus consultum ultimum sent signiﬁcant situation slaves so—called Social War soldiers sources speciﬁc Sulla Sulla’s Sulpicius threat tribunes tumultus declaration Varro violence voted Walbank