Supporting Grade 5-8 Students in Constructing Explanations in Science: The Claim, Evidence, and Reasoning Framework for Talk and Writing

Front Cover
Grounded in National Science Foundation (NSF) funded-research, Supporting Grade 5-8 Students in Constructing Explanations in Science and DVD provides middle grades science teachers with an instructional framework that breaks down the practice of scientific explanation into manageable components---claim, evidence, reasoning---and offers concrete examples of what this scientific inquiry practice looks like when it is successfully implemented in real classrooms. The chapters guide teachers step-by-step through presenting the framework for students; creating learning tasks involving scientific explanation; providing curricular scaffolds (that fade over time) to support students developing explanations; developing scientific explanation assessment tasks; and using the information from assessment tasks to inform instruction.

By incorporating this framework into curriculum materials, instructional strategies, and assessments, many schools have already witnessed its power to enhance students' conceptual understanding and ability to think and communicate scientifically while also affording teachers powerful opportunities to view student thinking and better adapt instruction to all students' needs.

"I would encourage others to use [this book] as a resource for a professional learning community or department discussion group and the like... absolutely I would recommend it---why? It is simply good for our students' developing understanding of science..."---Pamela M. Pelletier, Senior Program Director, Science K-12, Boston Public Schools, Boston, Massachusetts

"[This book] can easily be used to guide middle school teams to collaboratively work together to ask higher order thinking questions in any core content area. This type of questioning leads to great classroom discourse, therefore engaging students in using claims, evidence, and reasoning."---Kendra Walters Durham, Science Teacher, Wester Middle School, Frisco, Texas

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

About the author (2012)

Katherine L. McNeill is an Assistant Professor of science education at Boston College. A former middle school science teacher, she received her doctorate in science education from the University of Michigan. Her research focuses on helping students with diverse backgrounds become interested in science and learn both science content and scientific inquiry practices. Specifically, she has recently focused on how to support students in engaging in scientific explanation and argumentation in both talk and writing. Her research has been generously funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF). She has published numerous book chapters and journal articles from this work, including articles in the Journal of Research in Science Teaching, Science Education, The Journal of the Learning Sciences, and International Journal of Science Education.

Joseph Krajcik, a Professor at the University of Michigan, develops classroom environments in which students find solutions to important intellectual questions that subsume essential learning goals. He is a fellow of AAAS and AERA, served as president of National Association for Research in Science Teaching in 1999, and received guest professorships from Beijing Normal University and the Weizmann Institute of Science. In 2009, he was named a distinguished professor at Ewha Woman's University in South Korea and served as a faculty member in the Institute for Global Science, Technology and Society Education. In 2010, he received the Distinguished Contributions to Science Education Through Research Award from NARST.

Bibliographic information