Gender and the Modern Research University: The Admission of Women to German Higher Education, 1865-1914
In the 1890s, German feminists fighting for female higher education envied American women their small colleges. Yet by 1910, German women could study at any German university, a level of educational access not reached by American women until the 1960s. This book investigates this development as well as the cultural significance of the tremendous debate generated by aspiring female students.
Central to Mazón's analysis is the concept of academic citizenship, a complex discourse permeating German student life. Shaped by this ideal, the student years were a crucial stage in the formation of masculine identity in the educated middle class, and a female student was unthinkable. Only by emphasizing the need for female gynecologists and teachers did the women's movement carve out a niche for academic women.
Because the nineteenth-century German university was the model for the modern research university, the controversy resonates with contemporary American debates surrounding multiculturalism and higher education.
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76 Va Sekt Abitur academic citizenship admission of women admit women Albisetti Alice Salomon argued arguments audit courses Bäumer Bildung Bischoff career chapter daughter debate Deutsche discussion doctorate education ministry enrolled Erdmann exam female auditors female higher education female physicians female students feminine foreign women Frankenthal Frau Frauen Frauenbewegung Frauenstudium Fräulein Doktor Friedrich Paulsen gender German German universities German women Gertrud Bäumer girls GSAPK Rep Gymnasium Hedwig Dohm Heidelberg Helene Lange Heusler-Edenhuizen Ibid idea Imperial Germany intellectual issue Kettler later lectures Leipzig liberal Linden Louise Otto male students married masculine matriculation medical faculty medicine middle-class Neue Bahnen officials Otto Paulsen percent petition political professors role Russian women Russinnen Salomon social Stücklen Studentin Studentinnen Studium third sex tion Universitäten University of Berlin university study versity Waldeyer Weber Wegscheider winter semester woman question women students women's admission women's movement writings wrote young Ziegler Zurich
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Educational Studies, Volume 35, Issues 1-3
No preview available - 2004