State, Society, and Land in Jordan

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BRILL, 2000 - Political Science - 236 pages
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This work examines how state and society conceptualized land ownership in Transjordan/Jordan from the late Ottoman era through the 1950s, and how the resulting interaction between them shaped the socio-economic and political contours of modern Jordan. Based on archival and governmental records in Jordan, Israel, Britain, and the United States, the study links land tenure in Jordan with the successful political viability of that country.
The book details Ottoman, British, and Jordanian land and taxation policies and explains the varying degrees of cooperation with these exhibited by landowners. It notes the impact of the policies upon land tenure and upon popular conceptualizations of what 'property' and even 'Jordan' meant. It also studies the political consequences of Jordanian land policy for both Zionists and Palestinians.
 

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Contents

Ottoman and Local Conceptualizations
7
Land in the Wake of Ottoman Policies
36
Land in the Early Years of the Emirate
64
The British Land Program
78
Results of the Land Program
124
Land Policy SocioEconomic Structures
147
Land and the Conceptualization
196
Conclusion
207
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About the author (2000)

Michael R. Fischbach, Ph.D. (1992) in History, Georgetown University, is Associate Professor of History at Randolph-Macon College in Virginia, U.S.A. His publications include "Land Policies and Socio-Economic Structures, 1920-1970" in "The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, 1946-1996. Social Identities, Development Policies and State-Building" (Karthala Editions, 2000).