Knowledge and Self-Knowledge in Plato's Theaetetus
Knowledge and Self-Knowledge in Plato's Theaetetus advances a new explanation for the apparent failure of the Theaetetus to come to a satisfactory conclusion about the definition of knowledge. Tschemplik argues that understanding this aporetic dialogue in light of the fact that it was conducted with two noted mathematicians shows that for Plato, mathematics was not the paradigm for philosophy. She points out that, although mathematics is clearly an important part of the philosopher's training, as the educational outline of the Republic makes clear, the point on which the mathematician falls short is the central role that self-knowledge plays in philosophical investigation. Theaetetus betrays this deficiency and is led by Socrates to an understanding of the benefits of self-knowledge understood as the knowledge of ignorance. Tschemplik concludes that it is the absence of self-knowledge in the Theaetetus which leads to its closing impasse regarding knowledge. This book will be of interest to scholars and graduate students in the history of philosophy with a special interest in ancient philosophy, and will also be accessible to upper-level undergraduates in ancient philosophy.
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Alcibiades analysis answer Apollodorus aporia argues argument Aristodemus ascent assertion aviary beauty become birth Burnyeat cave Charmides claim clear contrast Critias definition of knowledge definition of logos dialectics dialogue Diotima discussion divine dream episteŻme eroŻs erotic Euclides Euthyphro examine explains fact false opinion forms frame Glaucon Heraclitus human hypothesis identified interlocutors interpretation kind knowable knower knowl logue maieutics mathematician mathematics measure midwife midwifery mistake myth of twin narration nature non-knowledge numbers object one’s opine Parmenides passage perceived perception Phaedo Phaedrus philosopher philosophical nature Phronesis Plato Plato’s Theaetetus possible pregnancy principle problem Protagoras Protagoras’s question refutation Republic right opinion role self-knowledge sense Socrates Socrates and Theaetetus Socrates introduces someone Sophist soul speech surds syllable Symposium Terpsion Theaete Theaetetus’s Theodorus Theodorus’s theory theory of recollection things thought tion true opinion truth turn twin motion understanding University Press whole wisdom wonder