God Pro Nobis: On Non-metaphysical Realism and the Philosophy of Religion
In theology and the philosophy of religion questions concerning God's existence are often understood and discussed in terms of metaphysical realism. Metaphysical realism, however, is a philosophically untenable perspective, according to this study. Its impact on the philosophy of religion is therefore problematic. By using arguments presented by W.V. Quine, Hilary Putnam and William P. Alston the author shows why metaphysical realism is a philosophically untenable perspective and what this implies when it comes to questions concerning God's existence. Drawing on the work of Putnam, Michael Dummett and Donald Davidson, the author elaborates a non-metaphysical realist perspective that she recommends as a philosophically tenable alternative that can be used in theology and the philosophy of religion. Non-metaphysical realism, this study claims, encourages philosophers of religion to engage in a fruitful reflection on present-day problems caused by the phenomenon of religion and of importance to human beings living in today's society.
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Metaphysical Philosophy of Religion
Realism and Religion
The Inscrutability of Reference
Putnam and Quine
Realist versus Epistemic
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Sufficiently Good Conditions for Justification
Putnam God and EvidenceTranscendent Truths
The Principle of Bivalence
Verification and EvidenceTranscendence
Kantian or Quinean?
Kantian Not Quinean
A Swedish Debate
able alethic realism Alston analytical hypotheses anti-realism anti-realist assumption brains clarify conceive conception of truth conceptual resources conceptual scheme conditions for justification constitutes sufficiently criteria of rational criticism Cupitt Davidson describe different conceptions discuss distinction Dummett epistemic epistemological epistemological realism evidence-transcendent truths example existential questions exists expression fact field linguist formulate gavagai Hick holism human idea imagine implies inscrutability of reference internal realism meta metaphysical philosophy metaphysical realism non-metaphysical realism objects ontological relativity perspective philosophers philosophy of religion physical realism possible presuppose presuppositions principle of bivalence principle of charity problems propositions Putnam argues Quine Quine's rabbit rational acceptability realist position reality-in-itself reflections rejection relation religious belief semantic notion semantic realist sense shared independent reality statement sufficiently good conditions T-schema talk Tarski tences theory of meaning theory of reference thesis things tion transcendent translation manual true or false truth-conditions truth-value Twin Earth understand utterances verify words