A Treatise on Physiology and Hygiene, for Educational Institutions and General Readers
Clark & Maynard, 1872 - Physiology - 270 pages
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acid action active amount animals appearance arranged arteries become blood body bones brain breath called cause cavity close cold color consists contain contraction cord covering cranial nerves crystalline lens delicate Describe digestion direction disease effects especially examined exercise experiment external extremely fact feeling fibres fluid front functions further gives hand hearing heart human important inch injury known lens less light lower lungs matter means membrane microscope mind minute motion movements muscles nature nerve nervous objects observed organs pain pass perform persons portion position produced properties quantity relation respiration seen sensation sense separated shape side sight skin sound spinal stomach structure substances supply surface takes place taste teeth temperature tion tissues tongue touch true tube vegetable vessels voice
Page 249 - ... times only in a minute. (When the patient lies on the thorax, this cavity is compressed by the weight of the body, and expiration takes place. When he is turned on the side, this pressure is removed, and inspiration occurs.) 6th.
Page 156 - Branches also ascend into the head, and supply the muscles of the eye and ear, and other organs of sense. 18. In this manner, the various regions of the body are associated with each other by a nervous apparatus, which is only indirectly connected with the brain and spinal cord; and thus it is arranged that the most widely separated organs of the body are brought into close and active sympathy with each other, so that, "if one member suffers, all the other members suffer with it.
Page 248 - If not successful, lose no time ; but, to imitate respiration, place the patient on his face, and turn the body gently, but completely on the side, and a little beyond; then again on the face, and so on, alternately. Repeat these movements deliberately and perseveringly, f/teen times only in a minute.
Page 256 - Literally, the membrane of the drum ; a delicate partition separating the outer from the middle ear; it is sometimes incorrectly called the drum of the ear.
Page 248 - Treat the patient instantly on the spot, in the open air, freely exposing the face, neck and chest to the breeze, except in severe weather 2.
Page 250 - The largest arteiy of the body, and main trunk of all the arteries. It arises from the left ventricle of the heart. The name was first applied to the two large branches of the trachea, which appear to be lifted up by the heart. A/QUE-ous HUMOR (L. aqua, water). A few drops of watery colorless fluid occupying the space between the cornea and crystalline lens.
Page 249 - Rub the body briskly till it is dry and warm, then dash cold water upon it, and repeat the rubbing. . Avoid the immediate removal of the patient, as it involves a dangerous loss of time ; also, the use of bellows, or any forcing instrument ; also, the warm bath, and all rough treatment. The Care of the Sick-room upper floors — in the case of some "catching
Page 249 - Substitute for the patient's wet clothing, if possible, such other covering as can be instantly procured, each bystander supplying a coat or cloak, etc. Meantime, and from time to time, to excite inspiration, let the surface of the body be slapped briskly with the hand. 9th. Rub the body briskly till it is dry and warm, then dash cold water upon it, and repeat the rubbing.
Page 253 - COR'NE-A (L. cor'nu, a horn). The transparent, horn-like substance which covers the anterior fifth of the eyeball. COR'PUS-CLES, BLOOD (L. dim. of cor'pus, a body). The small bi-concave disks which give to the blood its red color; the while corpuscles are globular and larger.
Page 257 - Mo'lar (L. mo'la, a mill). The name applied to the three back teeth of each side of the jaw ; the grinders, or mill-like teeth. Mo'tor (L. mo'veo, mo'tum, to move). Causing motion; the name of those nerves which conduct to the muscles the stimulus which causes them to contract. Mu'cous Mem'brane. The thin layer of tissue which covers those internal cavities or passages which communicate with the external air. Mu'cus. The glairy fluid which is secreted by mucous membranes, and which serves to keep...