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alleys apartments basement bedrooms Bowery brick Broadway Canal Street causes of disease cellars cholera infantum citizens clean cleanliness construction Council of Hygiene Croton-water crowded cubic feet death-rate deaths diarrhoea domiciles drain drainage dysentery East River Eleventh epidemic evils fact families fever-nests filthy floor front garbage garbage-boxes ground gutters habits Houston Street Hudson River influence inhabitants inquiry insalubrious quarters large number liquor localities maladies mortality neglect neighborhood nuisances occupied offensive overcrowding pavement persons physicians places poison poor population portion present prevailing private dwellings privies public health rear buildings remedy removed residences rooms sanitary condition SANITARY INSPECTION DISTRICT Sanitary Inspector sanitary regulations sanitary science scrofula Second Avenue Seventh Avenue sewerage sewers sickness Sixth Avenue slaughter-houses small-pox social sources square stables stagnant water statistics tenant tenant-houses tenements Tenth Avenue tion total number typhoid fever typhus fever vaccination ventilation Ward water-closets yard York
Page xxxix - Lord PALMERSTON would therefore suggest, that the best course which the people of this country can pursue, to deserve that the further progress of the Cholera should be stayed, will be, to employ the interval that will elapse between the present time and the beginning of next spring, in planning and executing measures by which those portions of...
Page 42 - At high tide the water often wells up through the floors, submerging them to a considerable depth. In very many cases the vaults of privies are situated on the same or a higher level, and their contents frequently ooze through the walls into the occupied apartments beside them.
Page cix - The fact that, in modem times, the subject of hygiene generally, and State Medicine in particular, has commenced to attract so much the public attention, is undoubtedly owing to the application of statistics to public health. It is impossible for any nation, or for any Government, to remain indifferent when, in figures which admit of no denial, the national amount of health and happiness, or disease and suffering, is determined.
Page xxxix - Lord Palmerston would, therefore, suggest that the best course which the people of this country can pursue to deserve that the further progress of the cholera should be stayed, will be to employ the interval that will elapse between the present time and the beginning of next spring in planning and executing measures by which those portions of their towns and cities which are inhabited by the poorest classes, and which, from the nature of things, must most need purification and improvement, may be...
Page xxix - ... from time to time to those who are chiefly concerned in sanitary evils and their removal, so as effectually to bring home to the dwellers in darkness, ignorance, and disease, the immense significance of the facts taught by these figures.
Page 60 - The Inspector of the Sixth Ward says : "Do- t mestic garbage and filth of every kind is thrown into the streets, covering their surface, filling the gutters, obstructing the sewer culverts, and sending forth perennial emanations which must generate pestiferous disease. In winter the filth and garbage, etc., accumulate in the streets, to the depth sometimes of two or three feet.
Page lxii - ... back to back with other buildings, correspondingly situated on parallel streets; the courts and alleys are more greedily encroached upon and narrowed into unventilated, unlighted, damp, and well-like holes between the many-storied front and rear...
Page lxviii - barracks" has apartments for 126 families. It was built especially for this use. It stands on a lot 50 by 250 feet,' is entered at the sides from alleys eight feet wide, and, by reason of the vicinity of another barrack of equal height, the rooms are so darkened that on a cloudy day it is impossible to read or sew in them without artificial light.
Page lxi - ... about the wharves and thoroughfares, rendered a near residence of much importance. At this period, rents were moderate, and a mechanic with family could hire two or more comfortable and even commodious apartments, in a house once occupied by wealthy people, for less than half what he is now obliged to pay for narrow and unhealthy quarters. This state of tenantry comfort did not, however, continue long; for the rapid march of improvement speedily enhanced the value of property in the lower wards...
Page 39 - ... tell that decay and death are usurping the place of health and life. Two older children are in the street, which is their only playground, and the only place where they can go to breathe an atmosphere that is even comparatively pure. A fourth child, emaciated to a skeleton, and with that ghastly and unearthly look which marasmus impresses on its victims, has reared its feeble frame on a rickety chair against the window sill, and is striving to get a glimpse at the smiling heavens whose light...