Engineers of Independence: A Documentary History of the Army Engineers in the American Revolution, 1775-1783

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The Minerva Group, Inc., 2002 - History - 420 pages
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This collection of documents, including many previously unpublished, details the role of the Army engineers in the American Revolution. Lacking trained military engineers, the Americans relied heavily on foreign officers, mostly from France, for sorely needed technical assistance. Native Americans joined the foreign engineer officers to plan and carry out offensive and defensive operations, direct the erection of fortifications, map vital terrain, and lay out encampments. During the war Congress created the Corps of Engineers with three companies of engineer troops as well as a separate geographer's department to assist the engineers with mapping. Both General George Washington and Major General Louis Leb que Duportail, his third and longest serving Chief Engineer, recognized the disadvantages of relying on foreign powers to fill the Army's crucial need for engineers. America, they contended, must train its own engineers for the future. Accordingly, at the war's end, they suggested maintaining a peacetime engineering establishment and creating a military academy. However, Congress rejected the proposals, and the Corps of Engineers and its companies of sappers and miners mustered out of service. Eleven years passed before Congress authorized a new establishment, the Corps of Artillerists and Engineers.
 

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Contents

THE SEARCH FOR ENGINEER OFFICERS AND
1
Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban
7
Robert Erskine Outlines What May Really Be
23
Survey of New York and Connecticut
27
THE FORMATION OF THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS
29
Their Business Shall Be to
36
Louis Duportails Letter of Acceptance
38
Moses Cleaveland
45
THE PHILADELPHIA CAMPAIGN
147
Fort Mercer October 1777
159
Fort Mifflin 9 November 1777
167
Chester Pennsylvania
180
Retreat at Barren Hill
196
THE KEY TO THE CONTINENT
203
Hudson River Obstructions
209
Stony Point New York
224

BUNKER HILL AND THESIEGE OF BOSTON 17751776
51
Battle of Bunker Hill
52
Boston Area Fortifications
63
New London Connecticut
74
TICONDEROGA TO SARA
83
John Trumbull
84
Ticonderoga Defenses
94
Blockhouse
100
Continuously with Unfailing Courage
104
Saratoga
110
FROM LONG ISLAND TO TRENTON
113
Robert Erskines ChevauxdeFrise
121
Battle of Long Island August 1776
128
Sketches of the American Turtle
134
I Disguised My Apperence As
140
Northern Manhattan Island November 1776
143
West Point Panorama
238
Southern Theater of War
252
VIRGINIA
253
Siege of Savannah October 1779
265
THE GRAND SIEGE 1781
293
Gabion
297
I Have a Fine Opportunity of Witnes
317
Redoubt No 10 3 18
318
Among the Sea Ports New York Claims
334
Plan for a Corps of Engineers
348
Louis Duportail Urges Uniting the Artillery and
349
Society of the Cincinnati Diploma
363
NOTES
367
GLOSSARY
380
Vertical Profile of a Fortification
382
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