Engineers of Independence: A Documentary History of the Army Engineers in the American Revolution, 1775-1783

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The Minerva Group, Inc., Aug 1, 2002 - History - 420 pages
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This collection of documents, including many previously unpublished, details the role of the Army engineers in the American Revolution. Lacking trained military engineers, the Americans relied heavily on foreign officers, mostly from France, for sorely needed technical assistance. Native Americans joined the foreign engineer officers to plan and carry out offensive and defensive operations, direct the erection of fortifications, map vital terrain, and lay out encampments. During the war Congress created the Corps of Engineers with three companies of engineer troops as well as a separate geographer's department to assist the engineers with mapping. Both General George Washington and Major General Louis Leb que Duportail, his third and longest serving Chief Engineer, recognized the disadvantages of relying on foreign powers to fill the Army's crucial need for engineers. America, they contended, must train its own engineers for the future. Accordingly, at the war's end, they suggested maintaining a peacetime engineering establishment and creating a military academy. However, Congress rejected the proposals, and the Corps of Engineers and its companies of sappers and miners mustered out of service. Eleven years passed before Congress authorized a new establishment, the Corps of Artillerists and Engineers.
 

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Contents

EighteenthCentury French Engineering Manual Frontispiece
1
He Is a Plain Modest Active Sensible
2
Sebastien Le Prestre de Vauban
7
Robert Erskine Outlines What May Really Be
23
Survey of New York and Connecticut
27
THE FORMATION OF THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS
29
Their Business Shall Be to
36
Louis Duportails Letter of Acceptance
39
Northern Manhattan Island November 1776
142
A HEROIC DEFENSE THE PHILADELPHIA CAMPAIGN
147
Delaware River Defenses
148
Fort Mercer October 1777
159
Fort Mifflin 9 November 1777
166
Chester Pennsylvania
180
Retreat at Barren Hill
197
THE KEY TO THE CONTINENT
203

Moses Cleaveland
45
BUNKER HILL AND THE SIEGE OF BOSTON 17751776
51
Battle of Bunker Hill
52
Boston Area Fortifications
63
Putnams Triangulation of Boston
69
Entrenchments at Winthrops Point
75
TICONDEROGA TO SARA
83
John Trumbull
84
Ticonderoga Defenses
95
Mount Independence
104
Saratoga
110
FROM LONG ISLAND TO TRENTON
113
Robert Erskines ChevauxdeFrise
121
Battle of Long Island August 1776
128
Sketches of the American Turtle
134
Rocky Hill Redoubt
214
West Point Fortifications
235
VIRGINIA
253
Siege of Charleston 1780
273
THE GRAND SIEGE 1781
293
Gabion
297
Redoubt No 10
318
PLANS FOR A PEACETIME ENGINEERING ESTABLISH
327
Plan for a Corps of Engineers
348
Society of the Cincinnati Diploma
363
NOTES
367
GLOSSARY
380
Vertical Profile of a Fortification
382
INDEX
389
Copyright

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