Who Intervenes?: Ethnic Conflict and Interstate Crisis
Ohio State University Press, 2006 - Political Science - 264 pages
Who Intervenes? takes as a given that there are tensions among ethnic groups throughout the world. But it is not at all clear when and why these tensions escalate into violence. The likelihood and character of intervention depend upon the interplay of two factors: ethnic composition and institutional constraint. A fourfold typology is produced. For example, states with high constraints and ethnic diversity are likely to intervene only for reasons related to national interests, while states with both ethnic dominance and low constraint are most disposed to intervene. The disposition to intervene is catalyzed, the authors hypothesize, by the presence of ethnic affinity and cleavage. The book includes a comparative analysis of five case studies: India and Sri Lanka, Somalia and Ethiopia, Malaysia and the Thai Malay (a non-intervention), the immediate aftermath of the breakup of Yugoslavia, and Greece and Turkey with Cyprus. The case histories produce strong support for the relevance of the typology and catalysts. Ethnic composition, institutional constraint, and ethnic affinity and cleavage are very useful factors in distinguishing both the likelihood and form of intervention. Policies that encourage institutional reform and support ethnic diversity can be expected to reduce the likelihood and even the perceived need for intervention. Book jacket.
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affinity and cleavage agreement autonomy Barre became border Bosnia-Herzegovina Brecher and Wilkenfeld Carment cease-fire chapter clan communist confrontation constitution cooperation coup crises Croatia Croats Cyprus decision domestic economic elites escalation Ethiopia ethnic affinities ethnic brethren ethnic foreign policy ethnic groups ethnically diverse ethnically dominant example external factors federal forces framework Globe and Mail Greater Somalia Greece Greek Cypriots independence India Indian government institutional constraints insurgency interaction interstate ethnic conflict intervention involvement IPKF irredentism irredentist Islamic island issue Jayewardene Kelantan leaders linkages LTTE Malaysia military Milosevic minority movement Muslims nationalist Ogaden parties Patani peace percent political potential president Proposition provinces PULO Ramet regime regional republics Saideman 1998b Sauldie separatist Serb Serbia Sinhalese Slovenia Somali Sri Lanka Sri Lankan government state’s strategies Suhrke Tamil territory Thai Malay Thailand threat tion Turkey Turkish Cypriots Type Ia violence win-set WSLF Yugoslav Yugoslavia