French Architects and Engineers in the Age of Enlightenment
The professions of architect and engineer, which had maintained very close links since the time of the Renaissance, became increasingly isolated from one another in France during the course of the eighteenth century, the 'Age of the Enlightenment'. This book analyses the meaning of this gradual mutual isolation, the consequences of which can still be felt at a variety of different levels, and offers a unique insight in English to the teaching and practice of architects such as Jacques-Francois Blondel and Pierre Patte, and engineers such as Jean-Rodolphe Perronet and Gaspard-Riche de Prony. The text of the book is clear and easily comprehensible, and presents a fully accessible account of this key period in the development of architectural achievement and debate.
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THE CLASSICAL TRADITION
THE IMPACT OF THE ENLIGHTENMENT
THE ENGINEERS SYSTEM
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Academy of Architecture Age of Enlightenment analysis approach arches architects and engineers architectural theory Boullee and Ledoux bridge building calculation chapter character classical classical architecture Claude Perrault competition conception concerned constituted construction convenance corps Cours d'architecture course decoration Desgodets Destutt de Tracy detail Discours Durand Ecole des Arts Ecole des Ponts effects eighteenth century emphasised Encyclopedie engineer's ENPC manuscript entablature Essai example facade France Francois Mansart geometry Ibid involved Jacques-Francois Blondel Jean-Rodolphe Perronet kind knowledge Laugier linked Louis XV Memoires monuments nature neo-classicism nevertheless notion organisation Paris Patte Patte's Perrault Perronet Pierre Patte piers planning plate Polytechnique pont de Neuilly Ponts et Chaussees principles problems production Prony's proportions pupils rationalisation referred Reflexions Revolution revolutionary architecture Riche de Prony roads rules sensation served siecle society Soufflot space structure sublime taste territory tradition treatises urban whereas