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1843—altitudes of Polaris abundant Advance afternoon altitudes of Polaris animals appearance Aquilae Arcturus artemisia August basin beautiful bottom buffalo camp chronom chronometer Clear and calm clouds Columbia cottonwood covered creek crossed descended Determination of latitude Determination of longitude distance Dşg Double altitudes encamped eter feet foot Frémont grass halted hills horses Index error Indians journey July June Kansas Kansas river lake Laramie Laramie river Little Blue river Lyrae Mean miles morning mouth night noon North fork Nutt OBSERVATIONS party pass peaks pines plain plants Platte river prairie rain reached RESULT OF CALCULATION ridge road rock Rocky mountains sandy second series Sierra slight breeze Snake river snow soil species specimens spring stream summit sun's lower limb Sunrise Sunset Sweet Water thermometer timber Torr trail travelled trees tributary True altitude valley willow Wind river mountains
Page 261 - ... disinterested which the annals of western adventure, so full of daring deeds, can present. Two men, in a savage desert, pursue day and night an unknown body of Indians into the defiles of an unknown mountain — attack them on sight, without counting numbers — and defeat them in an instant — and for what ? To punish the robbers of the desert, and to avenge the wrongs of Mexicans whom they did not know. I repeat: it was Carson and Godey who did this — the former an American^ born in the...
Page 70 - Having now made what observations our means afforded, we proceeded to descend. We had accomplished an object of laudable ambition, and beyond the strict order of our instructions. We had climbed the loftiest peak of the Rocky Mountains, and looked down upon the snow a thousand feet below, and, standing where never human foot had stood before, felt the exultation of first explorers.
Page 69 - Putting hands and feet in the crevices between the blocks, I succeeded in getting over it, and, when I reached the top, found my companions in a small valley below. Descending to them, we continued climbing, and in a short time reached the crest I sprang upon the summit, and another step would have precipitated me into an immense snow field five hundred feet below.
Page 260 - ... to be part of those they had lost. Two bloody scalps, dangling from the end of Godey's gun, announced that they had overtaken the Indians, as well as the horses. They informed us, that after Fuentes left them, from the failure of his horse, they continued the pursuit alone, and towards nightfall entered the mountains, into which the trail led.
Page 18 - A few miles brought us into the midst of the buffalo, swarming in immense numbers over the plains, where they had left scarcely a blade of grass standing. Mr. Preuss, who was sketching at a little distance in the rear, had at first noted them as large groves of timber.
Page 229 - The night had been too cold to sleep, and we were up very early. Our guide was standing by the fire with all his finery on ; and seeing him shiver in the cold, I threw on his shoulders one of my blankets. We missed him a few minutes afterwards, and never saw him again. He had deserted. His bad faith and treachery were in perfect keeping with the estimate of Indian character, which a long intercourse with this people had gradually forced upon my mind.
Page 68 - We rode on until we came almost immediately below the main peak, which I denominated the Snow peak, as it exhibited more snow to the eye than any of the neighboring summits.
Page 42 - ... the fire, in the middle of the lodge, and immediately on our arrival was dished up in large wooden bowls, one of which was handed to each. The flesh appeared very glutinous, with something of the flavor and appearance of mutton. Feeling something move behind me, I looked round and found that I had taken my seat among a litter of fat young puppies. Had...
Page 68 - ... possible, in order to husband our strength for the main ascent. Though this was a fine passage, still it was a defile of the most rugged mountains known, and we had many a rough and steep slippery place to cross before reaching the end. In this place the sun rarely shone. Snow lay along the border of the small stream which flowed through it, and occasional icy passages made the footing of the mules very insecure ; and the rocks and ground were moist with the trickling waters in this spring of...
Page 19 - ... opportunity to charge them before they could get among the river hills. It was too fine a prospect for a chase to be lost ; and, halting for a few moments, the hunters were brought up and saddled, and Kit Carson, Maxwell, and I, started together. They were now somewhat less than half a mile distant, and we rode easily along until within about three hundred yards, when a sudden agitation, a wavering in the band, and...