Heisenberg and the Nazi Atomic Bomb Project, 1939-1945: A Study in German Culture

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University of California Press, 16 окт. 1998 г. - Всего страниц: 391
No one better represents the plight and the conduct of German intellectuals under Hitler than Werner Heisenberg, whose task it was to build an atomic bomb for Nazi Germany. The controversy surrounding Heisenberg still rages, because of the nature of his work and the regime for which it was undertaken. What precisely did Heisenberg know about the physics of the atomic bomb? How deep was his loyalty to the German government during the Third Reich? Assuming that he had been able to build a bomb, would he have been willing? These questions, the moral and the scientific, are answered by Paul Lawrence Rose with greater accuracy and breadth of documentation than any other historian has yet achieved.

Digging deep into the archival record among formerly secret technical reports, Rose establishes that Heisenberg never overcame certain misconceptions about nuclear fission, and as a result the German leaders never pushed for atomic weapons. In fact, Heisenberg never had to face the moral problem of whether he should design a bomb for the Nazi regime. Only when he and his colleagues were interned in England and heard about Hiroshima did Heisenberg realize that his calculations were wrong. He began at once to construct an image of himself as a "pure" scientist who could have built a bomb but chose to work on reactor design instead. This was fiction, as Rose demonstrates: in reality, Heisenberg blindly supported and justified the cause of German victory. The question of why he did, and why he misrepresented himself afterwards, is answered through Rose's subtle analysis of German mentality and the scientists' problems of delusion and self-delusion. This fascinating study is a profound effort to understand one of the twentieth century's great enigmas.
 

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HEISENBERG AND THE NAZI ATOMIC BOMB PROJECT

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One of the most frightening "what-ifs" of history is the Nazi effort to build a nuclear bomb. Here is a close-up look at that failed attempt. Rose (Modern European History/Penn State Univ.; Wagner ... Читать весь отзыв

Heisenberg and the Nazi atomic bomb project: a study in German culture

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Rose (Jewish/European studies, Pennsylvania State Univ.) addresses several important and interrelated historiographical questions. He analyzes how Heisenberg and other prominent physicists dealt with ... Читать весь отзыв

Содержание

The Heisenberg Version and Its First Critic 194549
9
Elaborating the Heisenberg Version 194576
39
Criticizing the Version 194894
62
SCIENCE CONCEPTIONS AND MISCONCEPTIONS OF PHYSICS
79
The Atomic Bomb Problem 1939
81
The FrischPeierls Solution 1940
99
Heisenbergs False Foundations 1939
106
The Bomb as Reactor The U235 Bomb Misconceived 1940
115
ReactorBombs Plutonium Bombs and the SS The Report of Activities of 1944
185
The Truth Farm Hall August 1945
206
CULTURE GERMAN PATRIOTISM GERMAN MORALITY AND THE TRUTH OF PHYSICS
223
The German Context Unpolitical Politics
225
The Unpolitical Heisenberg Patriot and Physicist 191833
236
Collusion and Compromise under Hitler 193337
246
The Himmler Connection Heisenbergs Honor 193744
262
Justifying Nazi Victory 194145
271

The Reactor as Bomb Explosive ReactorBombs 1940
123
The Reactor and the Bomb Plutonium 194041
131
The ReactorBomb Patent and the HeisenbergBohr Drawing 1941
146
The Weapons Research Office Report of 1942 Plutonium and the ReactorBomb
167
The Two Conferences of 1942 Loose Details Nondecisions and Pineapples
173
Decency and Indecency at Farm Hall 1945
292
Heisenbergs Peculiar Way 194548
304
SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY
325
INDEX
347
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Стр. vi - And, after all what is a lie ? 'Tis but The truth in masquerade, and I defy Historians, heroes, lawyers, priests, to put A fact without some leaven of a lie.
Стр. 7 - I could not have done that," says my pride, and remains inexorable. Eventually — the memory yields.

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Об авторе (1998)

Paul Lawrence Rose is Mitrani Professor of Jewish Studies and European History at Pennsylvania State University. His recent books include Wagner: Race and Revolution (1992) and German Question/Jewish Question (1990).

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