Anthropology, by Comparison

Front Cover
André Gingrich, Richard Gabriel Fox
Psychology Press, 2002 - Social Science - 261 pages
Comparison has long been the backbone of the discipline of anthropology. But recent developments in anthropology, including critical self-reflection and new case studies sited in a globalized world, have pushed comparative work aside. For the most part, comparison as theory and method has been a casualty of the critique of 'grand theory' and of a growing mistrust of objectivist, hard-science methodology in the social sciences.
Today it is time for anthropology to resume its central task of exploring humankind through comparison, using its newfound critical self-awareness under changing global conditions. In Anthropology By Comparision, an international group of prominent anthropologists re-visits, re-theorizes and re-invigorates comparison as a legitimate and fruitful enterprise. The authors explore the value of anthropological comparison and encourage an international dialogue about comparative research. While rejecting older, universalist comparative methods, these scholars take a fresh look at various subaltern and neglected approaches to comparison from their own national traditions. They then present new approaches that are especially relevant to the globalized world of the twenty-first century.
Every student and practitioner of anthropology and the social sciences will find this thought-provoking volume essential reading. Anthropology, by Comparison is a call to creative reflection on the past and productive action in the present, a challenge to anthropologists to revitalize their unique contribution to human understanding. Anthropology, by Comparison is an indispensable overview of anthropology's roots - and its future - with regard to the comparative study of humankind.
 

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Contents

Comparison and anthropologys public responsibility
8
New methods of comparison
16
Bibliography
22
law and the levelling of difference
30
theory and comparative conscience
39
comparison
49
Cases in action comparison
57
Issues for anthropologys action comparison
63
Kin term abbreviations
140
Comparison in Southern African ethnography
148
Structural transformations
156
Notes
162
Franz Boas and the historical method
168
Sidney Mintz and the return to careers in time
176
Notes
183
Comparison and ontogeny
187

anthropology and
70
a view from within
76
Problems of context
82
Notes
88
a consideration
95
Other comparative studies instigated by Steinmetz
102
The Leiden tradition of regionalstructural comparison
108
Conclusion
115
Some current kinship paradigms in
124
Ethnographic context
134
Mind and intersubjectivity
193
Conclusion
200
Regional comparison in the anthropology of art
208
Distant comparison
217
towards
225
Comparing dethroned majorities in the collapse processes of two empires
233
Conclusion
240
Bibliography
246
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