Earthquakes and Coseismic Surface Faulting on the Iranian Plateau

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Elsevier, Jun 23, 2014 - Science - 776 pages
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Earthquakes and Coseismic Surface Faulting on the Iranian Plateau is a comprehensive and well-illustrated multi-disciplinary research work that analyzes the human and physical aspects of the active faults and large-magnitude earthquakes since ancient times on the Iranian Plateau. The long-term historical, archaeological, and sociological record of earthquakes discussed here gives insight into earthquake magnitudes, recurrences, fault segmentation, clustering, and patterns of coseismic ruptures from prehistoric times to the present. The first part of the book examines oral traditions and literature of the region concerned with earthquakes, particularly in folklore, epic literature, and theology. The second part assesses dynamic phenomena associated with earthquakes, including active tectonics, archaeoseismicity, and coseismic surface faulting throughout the twentieth century.

This work is a valuable technical survey and an essential reference for understanding seismic hazard analysis and earthquake risk minimization in earthquake-prone developing and developed countries throughout the world.

  • Provides a reference for seismic hazard evaluation and analysis
  • Covers data dealing with crustal deformations caused by earthquake faulting and folding since historic times
  • Presents unique and complete data for use in empirical relation analyses in all regions
 

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This is a very profound collection of material on geological and earthquake seismological characteristics of the Iranian Plateau. It has excellent details since its historical times to the present day. It has been written and collected by Dr. Berberian, one of the pioneers of the earthquake seismology and geology in Iran universities and engineering practice. This is a lifelong experience, research and knowledge of him on various national, public and industrial civil and infrastructure projects. This book recommended as an in-depth source for the one who want to learn first-hand data and grasp thorough knowledge about earthquake seismology and geology of Iran Plateau. The key information on the context of the book illustrates by beautiful flavor of native literature, culture, history, mythology and archaeology sources of the region. The author demonstrates very well, easy and smooth context to encourage the interested reader towards the main topics and also provide further references for additional studies. This helps to illustrate remarkable and valuable tools for understanding of the seismicity, hazard evaluation and assessment for practical purposes for various infrastructures. The diversity of the geological formations in the context of this book may benefit and provide conceptual and practical tools for many other places around the world. 

Contents

Earthquake Hazard Warning in Oral Traditon and Literature on the Iranian Plateau
1
Dynamic Phenomena Associated with Earthquakes on the Iranian Plateau
149
References
629
Index
701
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About the author (2014)

Manuel Berberian was born on October 27, 1945 into an immigrant Armenian ethnic-religious minority in Tehran. He received a BSc degree in geology from the University of Tehran in 1968, and a PhD degree in earthquake seismology and active tectonics from the University of Cambridge, United Kingdom in June 1981. He was the first Armenian and the second Iranian earth scientist ever to be accepted at the University of Cambridge, UK. He is Emeritus Professor of Geosciences at the Tehran and Tarbiat Modarres Universities, and at present teaches at the Ocean County College, Toms River, NJ, USA. He is a certified professional geologist in the USA and a member of the New York Academy of Sciences and American Geophysical Union. He is a leading international earthquake expert on the Iranian Plateau and the Middle East. With his wife and son he immigrated to the USA in 1990.

He is a world renowned research scientist on seismotectonics, earthquake seismology, historical earthquakes, archaeoseismicity, palaeo- and active-tectonics, geology, and geologic hazards of the Iranian plateau, with 43 years of academic and research experience. He pioneered the study of plate tectonics and seismotectonics in Iran and was the founder of the ‘Tectonics and Seismotectonics Research Department’ of the Geological Survey of Iran in Tehran in 1971; the first research center established in this field in the Middle East. He has been a pioneer in the application of plate tectonics to Iranian geology and seismology, and has been responsible for much of what is known about the geology, tectonics, seismotectonics, archaeoseismicity, active faulting/folding, and seismicity of the Iranian Plateau, as well as human aspects of earthquakes, earthquake-fault hazard and risk assessment, and history and mythology of the ancient Iranian-Armenian ancient civilizations.

He has authored more than 300 reports and books; out of which about 110 research studies were published as peer reviewed papers in Europe and the USA, and 10 books in English and Persian; and has prepared over 193 technical reports for seismic hazard and risk assessments of major projects such as nuclear power plants, hydroelectric dams, refineries, lifelines, and large urban developments. He began studying archaeology and the ancient history of Iran to use the rich archaeological and historical records to expand the knowledge of Iranian seismicity, active faulting, and their hazards and risks to the society. Lately he entered the domain of environmental science and engineering in the States.

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