Medical Toxicology of Natural Substances: Foods, Fungi, Medicinal Herbs, Plants, and Venomous Animals

Front Cover
John Wiley & Sons, Nov 12, 2008 - Science - 1200 pages
Interest and information in the field of medical toxicology has grown rapidly, but there has never been a concise, authoritative reference focused on the subjects of natural substances, chemical and physical toxins, drugs of abuse, and pharmaceutical overdoses. Medical Toxicology of Natural Substances finally gives you an easily accessible resource for vital toxicological information on foods, plants, and animals in key areas in the natural environment.
 

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Contents

Neem Oil Margosa Oil Azadirachta indica Adr Juss
648
Peppermint Oil Mentha x piperita L
653
Tea Tree Oil Melaleuca Species
658
Tung Oil Aleurites fordii Hemsl
663
Turpentine and Pine Oil Pinus Species
666
TOXIC PLANTS
673
Plant Dermatitis
677
Bulbs Rhizomes and Tubers
690
Clostridium botulinum Botulism
103
Clostridium perfringens
114
Escherichia coli
120
Listeria monocytogenes
133
Salmonella
141
Shigella Species Shiga Enterotoxins
150
Staphylococcus aureus
156
Streptococcus Species
162

ColchicineContaining Plants
693
Daffodils and Other Emetic Bulbs
703
Death Camas
707
Kaffir Lily Clivia miniata Lindley Bosse
710
Snowdrop Galanthus nivalis L
712
Zephyr Lily Zephyranthes Species
716
Beans
718
Cowitch and Horse Eye Bean Mucuna Species
727
Jequirity Bean and Abrin Abrus precatorius L
729
Mescal Bean Sophora secundiflora Ortega Lagasca ex DC
733
Nonwoody Plants Herbs
736
African Blue Lily Agapanthus Species
743
Red Baneberry Actaea rubra Aiton Willd
745
Begonias
747
Yellow BirdofParadise Caesalpinia gilliesii Hook Wallich ex D Dietr
749
Century Plant Agave americana L
751
Cleistanthin Diterpene Esters and the Spurge Family Euphorbiaceae
754
Cyanogenic Plants and Laetrile
760
Dieffenbachia and Other OxalateContaining House Plants
768
DigitalisContaining Flowers Foxglove Lily of the Valley
773
Jimson Weed and Other Belladonna Alkaloids
776
Lupines and False Lupine
784
Mayapple Podophyllum peltatum L
788
Mistletoe
792
Poison Hemlock Conium maculatum L
796
Pokeweed Phytolacca americana L
800
European Bittersweet and Other Solanum Species
803
Sweet Pea and Osteolathyrism
806
Tree Tobacco and Other PiperidineContaining Plants
809
Veratrum Alkaloids
815
Wandering Jew Tradescantia fluminensis Vellozo
819
Water Hemlock and Water Dropwort
821
White Snakeroot Ageratina altissima L King H E Robins
826
Shrubs and Vines
829
Boxwood Buxus sempervirens L
832
Buckthorn Karwinskia humboldtiana J A Schultes Zucc
834
Cactus
837
Carolina Jessamine Gelsemium sempervirens L St Hil
841
Daphne Daphne mezereum L
843
Dog Laurel Leucothoe Species
845
Dogbane Family and Cardenolides
847
Holly Ilex Species
861
Honeysuckle Lonicera Species
863
Ivy and Falcarinol
865
Lantana Lantana camara L
867
Rhododendrons and Grayanotoxins
870
Snowberry Symphoricarpos albus L Blake
874
Squirting Cucumber Ecballium elaterium L A Richard
876
Wisteria
879
Trees
881
Buckeye Aesculus Species
883
Chinaberry Melia azedarach L
886
Golden Chain Tree Laburnum anagyroides Medikus
889
Karaka Nut Corynocarpus laevigatus J R G Forst
892
Oaks Quercus Species
894
Pepper Tree Schinus Species
897
Yew Taxus Species
899
VENOMOUS ANIMALS
905
Arthropods
909
Scorpiones
914
Araneae
925
B Centipedes
950
Insects
954
Bugs and Blister Beetles
969
Siphonaptera
976
Diptera
979
Phthiraptera
983
Lepidoptera
988
Reptiles
996
Microbes 89
1007
Gila Monster and Beaded Lizard
1008
Serpentes
1013
Sea Snakes
1074
Marine Invertebrates
1078
Cnidaria
1085
Porifera
1102
Echinodermata
1105
Eels and Lampreys
1112
Campylobacter jejuni 96
1131
Mammals
1132
FOREWORD xv
101
Vibrio Species
167
Yersinia enterocolitica
174
PREFACE xvii
180
B Other Microbes
181
Protozoa and Intestinal Parasites
191
Gastrointestinal Viruses
202
Seafood
212
Azaspiracid Shellfish Poisoning and Azaspiracid Toxins
218
Diarrhetic Shellfish Poisoning and Okadaic Acid
222
Neurotoxic Shellfish Poisoning and Brevetoxins
227
Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning and Saxitoxins
231
Ciguatera Fish Poisoning and Ciguatoxins
238
Puffer Fish Poisoning and Tetrodotoxin
247
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS xix
252
Red Whelk and Tetramine
253
Scombroid Fish Scombrotoxin and Histamine
256
FOODBORNE and MICROBIAL TOXINS 1
260
FUNGAL TOXINS
261
Mushrooms
265
False Morel and Gyromitrin Poisoning
285
GastroenteritisProducing Mushrooms
290
Inky Cap and Coprine Toxicity Coprinus atramentarius Bull Fr
294
IsoxazoleContaining Mushrooms and Pantherina Syndrome Amanita muscaria Amanita pantherina
298
MuscarineContaining Mushrooms and Muscarine Toxicity Clitocybe and Inocybe Species
303
OrellanineContaining Mushrooms and Nephrotoxicity Cortinarius Species
307
Paxillus and Other Mushroom Syndromes
312
Mycotoxins
317
MEDICINAL HERBS and ESSENTIAL OILS
373
Medicinal Herbs
377
Aristolochic Acid and Chinese Herb Nephropathy
382
Black Cohosh Actaea racemosa L
388
Blue Cohosh Caulophyllum thalictroides L Michx
394
Borage Borago officinalis L
397
Burdock Root Arctium lappa L
400
Calamus Acorus calamus L
403
Camphor Cinnamomum camphora T Nees Eberm
407
Cascara Frangula purshiana Cooper
414
Chemical Contamination and Additives 5
420
Cats Claw Uncaria tomentosa Willd ex Schult DC
421
Chamomile Chamomilla recutita L Rauschert Chamaemelum nobile L
425
Chaparral Larrea tridentata Sesse Moc ex DC Vail
429
Chaste Tree Vitex agnuscastus L
434
Clove and Eugenol Syzygium aromaticum L Merr L M Perry
437
Colocynth Citrullus colocynthis L Schrad
443
Coltsfoot Tussilago farfara L
446
Comfrey and Other PyrrolizidineContaining Plants
449
Cranberry Vaccinium macrocarpon Aiton
458
Dong Quai Angelica sinensis Oliv Diels
461
Feverfew Tanacetum parthenium Schultz Bip
465
Garlic Allium sativum L
470
Germander Teucrium chamaedrys L
477
Ginger Zingiber officinale Roscoe
482
Ginkgo Tree Ginkgo biloba L
488
Ginseng
497
Goldenseal Hydrastis canadensis L
504
Hawthorn Crataegus Species
510
Impila Pine Thistle and Atractyloside
514
Jin Bu Huan and Tetrahydropalmatine
518
Staples and Spices 34
521
Juniper Juniper communis L
522
Kava Piper methysticum Forster
525
Lavender Lavandula Species
532
Licorice Glycyrrhiza Species
537
Ma Huang Ephedra Alkaloids
545
Milk Thistle Silybum marianum L Gaertner
553
Passionflower Passiflora incarnata L
558
Pennyroyal and Pulegone Menthapulegium L
563
Purple Coneflower and Other Echinacea Species
568
Rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis L
574
Rue Ruta graveolens L
579
Sassafras Sassafras albidum Nutt Nees
582
Saw Palmetto Serenoa repens Bartram J K Small
586
Senna Senna alexandrina P Mill
591
Skullcap Scutellaria lateriflora L
596
St Johns Wort Hypericum perforatum L
600
Star Anise Illicium verum Hook F and Illicium anisatum L
607
Star Fruit Averrhoa carambola L
611
Tansy Tanacetum vulgare L
614
Valerian Valeriana officinalis L
617
Essential Oils 632
618
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About the author (2008)

Dr. Donald G. Barceloux is presently a Staff Physician in the Department of Emergency Medicine at Pomona Valley Community Hospital. He is also a teacher at UCLA, an active consultant on medical toxicology, and a fellow at the American Academy of Clinical Toxicology, American College of Medical Toxicology, and the American College of Emergency Medicine. In addition, he has written an array of papers and co-authored a medical toxicology reference book.

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