Globalization and Social Stress

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Nova Publishers, 2005 - Social Science - 268 pages
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Globalisation, like no other term, has gained in recent years a prominent position in nearly all branches of social science. Consequently, its definitions abound, also in economics -- a discipline to which it has a special relevance. In economic terms, Globalisation is the historical process of gradual, yet persistent liberalisation followed by the coalescence of the hitherto largely fragmented markets of goods, capital and labour into a single global market. The concurrent regional integration processes, should by no means be seen as a trend opposed to Globalisation, which they may even facilitate in some circumstances by moving integration to a higher level: from that of national economics up to that of international organisations, for instance, the EU integrating with NAFTA, ASEAN with CIS or Mercosur with Caricom. Thus defined Globalisation depends on a variety of circumstances and has numerous implications. It is an extremely dynamic and complex process which, therefore, allows of no unambiguous assessment. Globalisation is an irreversible process, although -- as the experience of the last two or three years has shown -- its progress can be significantly impeded in the short run by various kinds of political and economic shocks. So the idea is to follow an enlightened and wise development strategy and a well-co-ordinated policy -- in this case, on the international and global scale -- that would minimise the attendant problems and eliminate, as far as possible, the concomitant social stress. How to achieve this goal is the question the authors address in this volume.
 

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Contents

Globalization Transition and Development Prospects
3
Globalizing Liberalism Economic Ideas and Institutional Choice1
15
Capacities to Globalize Why Are Some Countries More Globalized than Others?
45
Poverty Equity Issues and the Welfare State
57
Growth Poverty and Human Development
59
Globalization and the Welfare State Developed Developing and Transition Countries
91
Globalization Equities and Inequities Moving Forward
119
Globalization and Social Stress in Tanzania
137
State Policy and International Ethnic Migrants Indian and Chinese Experiences in Asia
159
The European Union Policy on Asylum and Immigration Building a Fortress Europe?
185
Globalization and the European Union Integration
199
Globalization and Europeanization A Double Challenge for Emerging Europe
201
Formal Demands Informal Responses The EU and State Reform in Candidate Countries
223
Bibliography
241
About the Authors
255
Index
259

Globalization and Migration
157

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