The Image of Ivan the Terrible in Russian Folklore

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Cambridge University Press, Apr 11, 2002 - History - 280 pages
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Ivan the Terrible has long been a controversial figure. Some historians regard him as a crazed and evil tyrant; while others (especially Soviet scholars of the Stalin period) have viewed him as a progressive and far-sighted statesman. The folklore about Ivan has played an important part in these debates. Was Ivan's depiction in folklore favourable or hostile? And how far can it be regarded as evidence of contemporary popular attitudes towards the tsar? In this unusual and far-ranging study, Maureen Perrie discusses the nature of Ivan's image in Russian folklore; its historical basis; its development; and the controversies which have surrounded it in pre-revolutionary and Soviet Russian scholarship. She argues that Ivan was in general portrayed in folklore in a positive light, but that this image does not necessarily reflect sixteenth-century views.
 

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Contents

THE IMAGE OF THE TSAR A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE
7
The Soviet period
15
Since 1953
21
HISTORY AND FOLKLORE SOME METHODOLOGICAL PROBLEMS
28
Variations in the image
32
Continuity and change in historical folklore
35
FOLKLORE
43
THE IMAGE OF IVAN THE TERRIBLE IN FOLKLORE
45
Ivan the Terrible and the peasants little son
172
N YA ARISTOVS TALES
174
Ivan the Terrible comes to the throne
175
Reprisals against the boyars
176
The punishment of the River Volga
177
The magpiewitches
178
The Jews skullcap
179
Verse
181

Overhasty judgments
51
Hostile images
55
The Terrible Tsar
60
THE HISTORICAL CONTENT OF THE FOLKLORE
66
The tsars marriage the introduction of the oprichnina and the Vologda affair
72
Novgorod Pskov and the song about the son
76
Ermak
83
THE DEVELOPMENT OF IVANS POPULAR IMAGE
89
The evidence of contemporaries
90
The Russian Dracula
96
The chronicle record
101
The seventeenthcentury context
107
Ivan and Stalin
114
Introduction to the texts
121
Prose
129
SHIBARSHA
139
IVAN THE TERRIBLE AND THE ELDER
147
CLEVER WORDS
151
The potter
152
Geese from Russia I
155
Geese from Russia II
156
Ivan the Terrible
157
WHY TREASON CAME TO RUSSIA
160
FROM P I YAKUSHKINS TRAVEL NOTES
166
Ivan the Terrible in Novgorod
167
Ivan the Terrible in Pskov
169
The longer version
183
The shorter version
186
KOSTRYUK
189
The historical version
192
The epic version
199
IVAN THE TERRIBLE AND HIS SON
207
The Kirsha Danilov variant
209
The Chulkov variant
216
A variant from Olonets province
219
IVAN AND DOMNA
225
BANDIT AND COSSACK SONGS
234
The ordeal
235
The tsar interrogates the fine young lad
236
The Greben cossack begs the tsar to release him from imprisonment
238
The tsar rewards the Greben cossacks short version
239
The tsar rewards the Greben cossacks longer version
240
The tsar rewards the Don cossacks
241
SONGS ABOUT ERMAK
242
Ermak and Ivan the Terrible extracts from the Kirsha Danilov variant
243
Ermak and Ivan the Terrible the Kornilovich variant
246
Ermak and Ivan the Terrible the Sakharov variant
248
Ermak captures Kazan
251
Bibliography
254
Index
262
Copyright

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Page 272 - Moya Flynn is a research fellow at the Centre for Russian and East European Studies, University of Birmingham, UK, where she completed her master's degree and PhD.

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