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The Survey, 1915 - Physical geography - 105 pages
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Page 25 - So powerful was the combined influence of these far-stretching rivers, and the " hardy, adventurous, lawless, fascinating fur trade," that the scanty population of Canada was irresistibly drawn from agricultural settlements into the interminable recesses of the continent; and herein is a leading explanation of the lack of permanent French influence in America. WISCONSIN INDIANS." "All that relates to the Indian tribes of Wisconsin,
Page 28 - Ottawa to be ascended, the rapids to be run, the portages where the canoe must be emptied and where each voyageur must bear his two packs of ninety pounds apiece, and there are the decharges, where the canoe is merely lightened and where the voyageurs, now on the land, now into the rushing waters, drag it forward till the rapids are passed. There is no stopping to dry, but on, until the time for the hasty meal, or the evening camp fire underneath the pines. Every two miles there is a stop for a three...
Page 28 - Every two miles there is a stop for a three minutes' smoke, or "pipe," and when a portage is made it is reckoned in "pauses," by which is meant the number of times the men must stop to rest. Whenever a burial cross appears, or a stream is left or entered, the voyageurs remove their hats, and make the sign of the cross while one of their number says a short prayer; and again the paddles beat time to some rollicking song.
Page 25 - But these rivers not only permitted exploration ; they also furnished a motive to exploration by the fact that their valleys teemed with fur-bearing animals. This is the main fact in connection with Northwestern exploration. The hope of a route to China was always influential, as was also the search for mines, but the practical inducements were the profitable trade with the Indians for beaver and buffaloes and the wild life that accompanied it.
Page 42 - River— 5 the Fox River Valley, began operations. The early saw mills were small, and the muley saw was in use. This gave way to the more efficient circular saw, as it in turn gave way to the band saw. By 1867 there were seven logging companies driving logs down the river to Oshkosh; between 1500 and 2000 men were employed in these operations and the lumber output of the city was rising toward 100,000,000 board feet a year — practically all white pine. This was the period of many small mills....
Page 40 - Including all appropriations for Wisconsin River. • For payment in connection with the subject of flowage damages. ' For investigation of subject of property rights of the United States in connection with the improvement of Fox and Wisconsin Rivers.
Page 32 - Six or seven stages arrive here daily loaded with passengers. There are eight steamboats owned in this place, all of which run from this point each day." TAKEN OVER BY THE US GOVERNMENT In 1859 a railroad was completed between Fond du Lac and Milwaukee, and by 1862 it had reached Green Bay. This event marked the downfall of the waterway as a private enterprise. It fell into decay, was sold on foreclosure to the Green Bay and Mississippi Canal Company in 1866 and four years later the waterway itself...
Page 25 - Society, 1889, pp. 52-98. opened up the waterways, and led to the earliest outlying establishments in this country." "Stockade trading posts were established at such key points as a strait, a portage, a river mouth, where also there was likely to be an Indian village.

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