Theories of Learning
Prentice-Hall, 1981 - Psychology - 647 pages
This introduction to theories of learning focuses on major schools such as behaviorism, Gestalt, cognitivism, and information processing as well as major intellectual figures including Thorndike, Pavlov, Guthrie, Hull, Tolman, Skinner, and Estes.
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THE NATURE OF LEARNING THEORY
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action activity analysis animal answer appears associations become behavior brain called causes Chapter classical conditioning cognitive complex concepts conditioning connections continues correct cues depends developed discrimination drive earlier effect elements errors example expected experimental experiments extinction fact Figure function given goal habit human hypothesis ideas illustrate increase instruction interpretation interval knowledge later learning means memory ment motivation objects observed occur operant organism pair particular pattern performance person position practice predict presented principle probability problem processes produce psychology punishment question rats recall reinforcement relation response reward rules sample selected sequence shock shown similar simple situation specific sponse stimulus successive task theory tion transfer trial units verbal