Bidirectional Optimality Theory

Front Cover
Anton Benz, Jason Mattausch
John Benjamins Publishing, 2011 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 279 pages
Bidirectional Optimality Theory (BiOT) emerged at the turn of the millennium as a fusion of Radical Pragmatics and Optimality Theoretic Semantics. It stirred a wealth of new research in the pragmatics-semantics interface and heavily influenced e.g. the development of evolutionary and game theoretic approaches. Optimality Theory holds that linguistic output can be understood as the optimized products of ranked constraints. At the centre of BiOT is the insight that this optimisation has to take place both in production and interpretation, and that the production-interpretation cycle has to lead back to the original input. BiOT is now generally interpreted as a description of diachronically stable and cognitively optimal form meaning pairs. It found applications beyond the semantics-pragmatics interface in language acquisition, historical linguistics, phonology, syntax, and typology. This book provides a state of the art overview of these developments. It collects nine chapters by leading scientists in the field.
 

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Contents

Bidirectional Optimality Theory
1
A programme for bidirectional phonology and phonetics and their acquisition and evolution
33
A note on the emergence of subject salience
73
Language acquisition and language change in bidirectional Optimality Theory
97
Sense and Simplicity
125
On the interaction of tense aspect and modality in Dutch
151
Production and Comprehension in Context
169
Bayesian interpretation and optimality theory
191
Bidirectional grammar and bidirectional optimization
221
On Bidirectional Optimality Theory for Dynamic Contexts
249
Index
277
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