Islamic Roots of Capitalism: Egypt, 1760-1840
Challenging the ethnocentric notion that a capitalist economy could only be transferred to the peripheral states through contact with Europe, this text argues that the capitalist transformation of the Egyptian economy was begun by Muslim merchants and Mamluk rulers in the 18th century.
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A Note on Critical Reception
Introduction to the Original Edition
The Religious Framework of the EighteenthCentury Revival 3 5
The Formation of Shaykh Hasan alAttar
Travels of alAttar and the Preparation for Egyptian Reform
Sector and the Second Phase of the Cultural Awakening
The World Market as a Limiting Factor in the Development
The Maqamat alAttar
in The Writings of Hasan alAttar
Index of Terms and Concepts
The Reform Period 18151837 and the Development
Abd al-Rahman Abdullah Abi Anwar Ahl al-Bayt Ahmad al-'Attar al-Azhar al-din al-hikma al-Jabartl al-Khashshab al-Kutub al-musamma al-Sabban al-Sanusi al-Sharqawi al-Tahtawi al-thalith ashar al-Zabidi Arabic artisans Attar Battle of Badr Cairo chapter cited commentary commercial culture Damascus discussed dominant Efendi elite essay European example field fiqh folio French gloss hadith hadith studies Hasan al-Attar Hashiya ala sharh Hashiyat al-'Attar ala Ibid Ibn al-Nafis Ibn Sina Ibrahim ijtihad Imam important indigenous intellectual Islamic Istanbul kalam KhalwatI l'Egypte language late eighteenth century later literary literature logic Mamluks Manuscript maqama medicine merchants middle classes Middle East Mubarak Muhammad Ali Muslim Mustafa mystical Napoleon neoclassicism Ottoman paradigm Pasha philology poetry praise Qur'an reform period religious revival Risala role ruling class sahaba Shaykh social sources Sufi Sufi orders Sufism Syrian tarlqa theology tion trade tradition Turkey Turkish turuq ulama Unlocated Wafa'lya Wahhabi Western writings written wrote