The Decline in Employment of People with Disabilities: A Policy Puzzle
This volume reports on the employment decline of working-age people with disabilities. The contributors provide documentation of the decline, an evaluation of its conflicting causes, and the implications for public policy.
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Employment and the Changing Disability Population
EMPLOYMENT MEASURES FOR THE DISABILITY POPULATION
THE CHANGING SIZE AND COMPOSITION OF THE DISABILITY POPULATION
INCREASED PREVALENCE OF CHRONIC CONDITIONS AND IMPAIRMENTS
WHAT RISK FACTORS MIGHT HAVE LED TO THESE INCREASES?
The Americans with Disabilities Act and the Employment of People with Disabilities
EXPLAINING THE DIFFERENCES IN EMPLOYMENT TRENDS IN OTHER STUDIES
OTHER LABOR MARKET SUCCESS MEASURES
Employment Declines among People with Disabilities
DATA AND MEASUREMENT
SHIFTS IN POPULATION COMPOSITION
ISOLATED OCCURRENCE OR WIDESPREAD DECLINE?
DECOMPOSITION OF EMPLOYMENT DECLINE
WITHINGROUP CHANGES IN HEALTH
Have Changes in the Nature of Work or the Labor Market Reduced Employment Prospects of Workers with Disabilities?
THE STATIC ASPECTS OF WORK
THE DYNAMIC ASPECTS OF WORK
Data and Methodology
Rising Health Care Expenditures and the Employment of People with HighCost Chronic Conditions
DATA AND METHODS
SUMMARY OF FINDINGS
THE A PRIORI CASE AGAINST THE ADA
EMPIRICAL STUDIESTHE WEIGHT OF THE EVIDENCE AGAINST THE ADA
WHAT NEEDS TO BE DONE?
Does the Definition Affect the Outcome?
PROBLEMS IN DEFINING AND MEASURING DISABILITY
ESTIMATES OF EMPLOYMENT PATTERNS AND TRENDS
Is It Time to Declare the ADA a Failed Law?
ECONOMIC MODELS OF EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION
EFFECT OF ADA TITLE I
DOES THE ADA EXACERBATE THE EMPLOYMENT PROBLEM?
Social Security Disability Insurance and the Recent Decline in the Employment Rate of People with Disabilities
A Review of the Evidence and Its Implications for Policy Change
DID THE EMPLOYMENT RATE DECLINE?
WHICH MEASURE OF THE EMPLOYMENT RATE SHOULD WE FOCUS ON?
WHAT CAUSED THE EMPLOYMENT RATE DECLINE?
About the Institute
ability accommodation Acemoglu and Angrist activity limitations ADA’s aged Americans with Disabilities Autor and Duggan benefits Blanck Burkhauser business cycle changes Chapter Current Population Survey decline in employment DeLeire Disabilities Act disability income Disability Population discrimination economic effects eligibility employ employers employment decline employment rate decline Employment Rate Trends employment trends Figure Gender health conditions health insurance Health Interview Survey high-cost chronic conditions Houtenville impairments inability increase individuals with disabilities job characteristics Joshua Angrist Kaye Kruse and Schur labor force labor market limitation SIPP measure Medicaid Medicare MEPS National Health Interview NHIS NMES nonwhite percent percentage of workers percentage points period person population with disabilities prevalence reporting work limitations Research sample self-reported social environment Social Security Social Security Administration SSDI and SSI subgroups substantial Supplemental Security Income tion U.S. Census Bureau wage work-limitation workers with disabilities workers with limitations Working-Age Adults working-aged population
Page 7 - disability" means, with respect to an individual (A) a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major life activities of such individual; (B) a record of such an impairment; or (C) being regarded as having such an impairment.
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