Buddha in the Crown: Avalokitesvara in the Buddhist Traditions of Sri Lanka
Historical, anthropological, and philosophical in approach, Buddha in the Crown is a case study in religious and cultural change. It examines the various ways in which Avalokitesvara, the most well known and proliferated bodhisattva of Mahayana Buddhism throughout south, southeast, and east Asia, was assimilated into the transforming religious culture of Sri Lanka, one of the most pluralistic in Asia. Exploring the expressions of the bodhisattva's cult in Sanskrit and Sinhala literature, in iconography, epigraphy, ritual, symbol, and myth, the author develops a provocative thesis regarding the dynamics of religious change. Interdisciplinary in scope, addressing a wide variety of issues relating to Buddhist thought and practice, and providing new and original information on the rich cultural history of Sri Lanka, this book will interest students of Buddhism and South Asia.
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2 The Relevant Historical and Doctrinal Background
The Iconography of Avalokite347vara and N257tha
Avalokite347vara Becomes N257tha Deviyo
N257tha and Pitiye in Kandyan Folklore
Oral Traditions at Rural Kandyan N257tha Dev257layas
Center and Periphery in the Kandyan Kingdom
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Abhayagiri Amitābha Anuradhapura assimilation Avalokiteśvara Bandara basnayaka nilamé become bhikkhus Bhuvanekabāhu bodhisattva Bodhisattva Avalokiteśvara Buddha century A.D. context cult of Avalokiteśvara cult of Nātha cultic Deviyo devotees dharma dhyāni buddha divine Dodanvela Dumbara fact Gampola gods Hindu Hunapahura iconography inscription island John Clifford Holt Kandy Kandy Nātha Kandyan kingdom Kandyan kings kapurala Kataragama Kelaniya kingship Kotte laity Lankatilaka Lokesvara lokiteśvara lokóttara Mahāvihāra Mahāyāna Mahāyāna bodhisattva Maitreya Maitri medieval Metteyya modern monastic monks motifs mudrā myth mythic Nā tree Nāga Narendra Simha Natha Nātha dévalaya Nātha Déviyö nibbāna Obeyesekere origins Pāli Pallava Parākramabāhu Paranavitana Pasgama Pattini perahāra Pitiye Plate political popular purity randoli referred regarded region reign religious culture rites ritual royal sacred samsāra Sandésaya sangha Sanskrit significance Sinhala Buddhist Sinhala culture Sinhalese soteriology south India specifically spiritual Sri Lanka Sri Rahula symbolism Tamil Theravāda tion Tiriyaya up-country Urulevatte Vegiriya vihāraya village Vimala Dharma Visnu yaksas