Elliott's fruit book; or, The American fruit-grower's guide in orchard and garden: Being a compend of the history, modes of propagation, culture, &c., of fruit trees and shrubs, with descriptions of nearly all the varieties of fruits cultivated in this country; notes of their adaptation to localities and soils, and also a complete list of fruits worthy of cultivation

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C.M. Saxton, 1854 - Fruit-culture - 503 pages
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Page 232 - No nation is drunken where wine is cheap ; and none sober, where the dearness of wine substitutes ardent spirits as the common beverage.
Page 182 - Italy was so well stocked that, in less than twenty-six years after, other lands had Cherries, even as far as Britain, beyond the Ocean.
Page 60 - ... the common orchard caterpillar, which is hatched in spring as soon as the leaf buds begin to open. At this time, it is not the tenth of an inch long, nor so large as a cambric needle, but it continues to increase constantly in size for several weeks, until two inches long and a quarter of an inch in diameter. It then spins a cocoon and passes to the pupa state. In the latter part of summer, it comes out a yellowish brown miller, lays its eggs and dies. The eggs are deposited in cylinders or rings,...
Page 304 - If a young gardener intends to plant, and •wishes to train up his trees so that they will become quite perfect in shape, he should select plants, one year old, from the bud or graft ; these will, of course, have good buds down to the junction of the graft with the stock.
Page 34 - On the contrary, if we wish to obtain fruit branches, we prune long, because the most slender or feeble shoots are the most disposed to fruit. " Another application of this principle is to prune short for a year or two such trees or parts as have become enfeebled by overbearing. (This principle deserves especial attention, as its application is of great importance.) 3.
Page 35 - The more the tap is obstructed in its circulation, the more likely it will be to produce fruit buds. This principle is founded on a fact to which we have already had occasion to refer, viz. — that the sap circulating slowly is subjected to a more complete elaboration in the tissues of the tree, and becomes better adapted to *he formation of fruit buds.
Page 34 - ... long as possible. Laying in the strong parts obstructs the circulation of the sap in them, and, consequently favors the weak parts that are loose. This is only applicable to espaliers, " 7. In espalier trees, giving the feeble parts the benefit of the light, and confining the strong parts more in the shade, restores a balance, for light is the agent which enables leaves to perform their functions and their actions on the roots, and the parts receiving the greater proportion of it acquire the...
Page 34 - The sap acts with greater force and produces more vigorous growth on a branch or shoot pruned short, than on one pruned long. This is easily explained. The sap acting on two buds must evidently produce a greater development of wood on them, than if it were divided between fifteen or twenty buds. " It follows from this, that if we wish to obtain wood branches, we prune short, for vigorous shoots produce few fruit buds. On the contrary, if we wish to obtain fruit branches, we prune long, because the...

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