The Privateering Earl
"George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cumberland, was one of the most renowned and colourful of Queen Elizabeth I's courtiers. A typical Renaissance man of learning and action, and the leading northern earl at Court, he commanded the Elizabeth Bonaventure against the Spanish Armada and carried news of the English victory to Elizabeth at Tilbury. An accomplished jouster, he became the Queen's Champion in 1590. He was a co-founder in 1600 of the East India Company, which opened up English commerce with the Far East, and was appointed to the Privy Council by James I." "In this attractively illustrated and scholarly biography, the first for seventy-five years, Dr Spence illuminates Cumberland's varied activities as royal servant, courtier, privateer, landowner and spendthrift, assesses his achievements, and reveals how much the course of his life and fortunes was influenced by Queen Elizabeth herself."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
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Armada Azores Bedford Bolton MSS Boqueron Brancepeth brother Brougham Castle Burghley cannon Captain captured carracks cash Cecil Clifford command Council Countess Anne Countess Margaret Court courtier Cowthorpe Craven creditors crew Dacre daughter debts demesnes Dragon Drake Earl George Earl Henry Earl of Cumberland Earl's Elizabeth Elizabethan England English Essex estates Ferrand fleet Francis Gargrave gentry George's gold granted Grassington harbour heir honour Indies Ingleby inheritance island John jointure Lady Anne Lady Anne Clifford lands later leases licence Littondale London Long Preston Lord Admiral Lord Wharton Malice Scourge manorial manors marriage merchants messuage moiety Morro mortgage Mosquera Nesfield noble officers Philip pinnace plunder Portsmouth privateering Privy prizes profit properties Puerto Rico Queen Queen's Champion rents Richard Robert royal sail Sampson San Juan ships Silsden Skipton Castle soldiers Spain Spanish tenants Thomas tithes tons Tudor vessels victuals voyage warships West Westmorland William Williamson Yorkshire