Genesis, Structure, and Meaning in Gary Snyder's Mountains and Rivers Without End
When Gary Snyder?s long poem Mountains and Rivers Without End was published in 1996, it was hailed as a masterpiece of American poetry, yet it has not hitherto been the subject of a book-length critical study. Now, Anthony Hunt offers a detailed historical and explicative analysis of this complex work using, among his many sources, Snyder?s personal papers, letters, and interviews.Hunt traces the work?s origins and genesis, as well as some of the myriad sources of its themes and structure, including No drama; East Asian landscape painting; the rhythms of storytelling, chant, and song; Jungian archetypal psychology; world mythology; Buddhist philosophy and ritual; Native American traditions; planetary geology, hydrology, and ecology. His analysis addresses the poem not merely by its content but through the structure of individual lines and the arrangement of the parts, examining such personal and cultural influences on Snyder?s work as his extensive travels in Asia, his association with the Beat movement of the 1950s, and his observations of the natural world, as well as the role of various mythological, religious, ecological, and political concepts and images.Hunt?s benchmark study of Mountains and Rivers Without End, which he considers a ?fundamental wisdom text for the modern ecological movement,? is a richly perceptive work of analysis, written in a clear and straightforward style but completely sensitive to the subtleties, nuances, and intricacies of the poem. It will be rewarding reading for anyone who enjoys the contemplation of Snyder?s artistry and ideas and, more generally, for those who are intrigued by the workings of artistic composition, as well as those readers of poetry?whether ecologists, Buddhists, philosophers, or backpackers?who are interested in cultural and intellectual affairs.
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Composing the Space
Inhabiting the Landscape
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Allen Ginsberg animals Artemis Bear Mother become Black Rock Desert Blue Sky boat Bubbs Creek Haircut Buddha Buddhist Canyon Canyon Wren Chinese Circumambulation dance desert Dogen dream earth echoes Elwha River emptiness Endless Streams energy enlightenment feminine final Finding the Space flow Gary Snyder ghost glaciers Goddess Haida heart Heart Sutra human Hump-backed Flute Player images Joanne Kyger journey Kyger land lines live long poem meditation mind moon Moun Mount Tamalpais Mountain Spirit Mountains and Rivers mrwe myth mythical Night Highway 99 North Offering for Tara painting peaks Philip Whalen planet play poet poetic poetry Raven's Beak River readers realm rhythms ritual Rivers Without End rock San Francisco Sappa Creek sections of Mountains Shambhala Dictionary sheep Snyder's Mountains Snyder's poem song sound story Streams and Mountains subsection Sutra Tamalpais things Tibetan tion trees vision walking Whalen wild words Yamabushi Yamamba