Safety Issues Associated with Plutonium Involvement in the Nuclear Fuel Cycle

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Springer Science & Business Media, Feb 28, 1999 - Science - 241 pages
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The "VOLGA" conferences, hosted in odd-numbered years by the Department of Theoretical and Experimental Reactor Physics of the Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (MEPhI), are some of the most prestigious technical meetings held in Russia. Traditionally, these conferences present the opportunity for reactor physicists from around the world to gather at MEPhI's holiday camp on the banks of the Volga river (near Tver) to exchange ideas and explore innovative concepts related to nuclear power development. In 1997, NATO became involved in the "VOLGA" meetings for the first time by co-sponsoring "VOLGA97" as an advanced research workshop. This workshop broke with tradition a bit in that the venue was moved from MEPhI's holiday camp to a location nearer Moscow. The workshop program was effectively organized in order to cover a broad range of topics relating to the theme of the meeting. Generally, the papers concerned safety related questions associated with utilizing both weapons-grade and reactor-grade plutonium in the nuclear fuel cycle, including facility requirements, licensing issues, proliferation risks, and a variety of advanced concepts for alternative fuel cycles. The program contained a total of ninety-nine papers presented in five days of sessions.
 

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Contents

The USRussian Joint Studies on Using Power Reactors to Disposition Surplus Weapons Plutonium as Spent Fueld
1
Current State of and Near Term Prospects for Plutonium Management in Russia
15
The Role of Nuclear Power in Sustainale Development
25
Plutonium Disposition Research and Related Activities at the Amarillo National Resource Center for Plutonium
35
The ISTC Projects Related to Plutonium Utilization and Disposition Overivew
39
Waste Partitioning and Transmutation as a Means Towards LongTerm Risk Reduction
45
Nuclear Criticality Safety Aspects of the Utilization of WeaponsGrade Plutonium in MOX Fuel Using Current BNFL Technology
65
Reducing the Proliferation Risk of Weapons Plutonium by Mixing with ReactorGrade Plutonium
77
Plutonium Management and Actinide Burning in CANDU Reactors
131
The Next Stage in Nuclear Power Development Improved Pu Usage Safety Radioactive Waste and NonProliferation Features
135
Neutronic Aspects of WeaponsGrade Plutonium Utilization in the VVER1000 Fuel Cycle
139
Validation of the MCURFFIA Code for Applications to Plutonium Systems and Use of the MCURFFIa Code for Verification of Physics Design Codes...
147
Development of Neutronic Models for Two Types of Reactors Based on the SAPFIR Package of Universal Algorithms
159
Performance Modeling for Weapons MOX Fuel in Light Water Reactors
173
Nuclear Power Systems Using Fast Reactors to Reduce LongLived Wastes
179
PlutoniumFueled LMFRs Problems of Design Optimization for SelfProtection
193

COGEMAs Contribution to the Recycling of Military Plutonium
85
Plutonium Incineration in LWRs The First Step in the Double Strata Fuel Cycle
91
State of the Art and Outlook for the Nuclear Fuel Cycle in the Russian Federation
97
OnSite Spent Fueld Management Based on Electrorefining
105
Prospects For Improvement of VVER Fuel Management and MOX Utilization
111
Use of UraniumErbium and PlutoniumErbium Fuel in RBMK Reactors
121
Equilibrium Proliferation Resistant Closed Fueld Cycles for LWRs
199
Delayed Neutron Data for Actinides Obtained from Global Level Measurements
213
Burning of Plutonium in Advanced Modular Pebble Bed HTRs The Most Effective and Safe Way for Disposition
225
Denaturing Ex Weapons Plutonium
231
Author and Subject Index
239
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