The History of the Agriculture of Norfolk: Which Obtained the Prize of the Royal Agricultural Society

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Ridgway, 1849 - Agriculture - 412 pages
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Page 196 - When substances which are incapable of being employed in the nutrition of a plant exist in the matter absorbed by its roots, they must be again returned to the soil. Such excrements might be serviceable and even indispensable to the existence of several other plants. But substances that are formed in a vegetable organism during the process of nutrition, which are produced, therefore, in consequence of the formation of woody fibre, starch, albumen, gum, acids, &.C., cannot again serve in any other...
Page 386 - In more than one instance has he said to a tenant, " If you will keep an extra yard of bullocks, I will build you a yard and sheds free of expense.
Page 143 - It ought, however, in justice to be stated, that in almost all the enquiries which have been made upon this point, we have invariably found the rate of wages higher in proportion when the price of corn was low than when high prices have been obtained.
Page 32 - The soil in which plants grow furnishes them with phosphoric acid, and they in turn yield it to animals, to be used in the formation of their bones, and of those constituents of the brain which contain phosphorus. Much more phosphorus is thus afforded to the body than it requires, when flesh, bread, fruit, and husks of grain are used for food, and this excess is eliminated in the urine and the solid excrements.
Page 199 - To the united efforts of all the chemists of all countries we may confidently look for a solution of these great questions, and by the aid of enlightened Agriculturists, we shall arrive at a rational system of Gardening, Horticulture, and Agriculture, applicable to every country and all kinds of soil, and which will be based upon the immutable foundation of observed facts and philosophical induction.
Page 217 - ... we place a seed, — that of an apple, for instance, — in earth at the temperature of 32° Fahr., it will remain inactive till it finally decays. But if it is placed in moist earth above the temperature of 32°, and screened from the action of light, its integument gradually imbibes moisture and swells, oxygen is absorbed, carbonic acid expelled, and the vital action of the embryo commences.
Page 198 - When we have exactly ascertained the quantity of ashes left after the combustion of cultivated plants which have grown upon all varieties of soil, and have obtained correct analyses of these ashes, we shall learn with certainty which of the constituent elements of the plants are constant and which are changeable, and we shall arrive at an exact knowledge of the sum of all the ingredients we withdraw from the soil in the different crops. With this knowledge...
Page 69 - ... uncertainty from apprehended legislative measures, I cannot see how arrangements can be made for letting and hiring farms, except upon such a system as may in some measure meet the circumstances under which we may possibly be placed. This must be something of a corn rent — something that will reduce the rent, with the decrease of the occupier's ability to pay and increase it with his more ample means. There must be a give and take plan, otherwise agreements will never bind but one party, and...
Page 405 - He had been reviewing the general advancement of the agriculture of the county, and thus sums up his ideas of the farmers : " The effect of this advance upon the tenantry themselves is what might justly be expected from the employment of greater capital and enlarged minds and information. They are generous, independent, hospitable, free, intelligent, and very many have carried intellectual pursuits and acquirements far beyond the race of farmers of former times. They are wisely anxious to avail themselves...
Page 150 - ... years. FOURTH. — That a certain number of able-bodied men should be allotted to each rate payer, according to the amount of their respective assessments ; say three-fourths of the number considered to be reasonably necessary for the cultivation of his farm — this number to be employed the year round, and until altered by the consent of the county assembled for that purpose, so as to meet the ever varying state and numbers of the labouring community. FIFTH. — That district farms of sufficient...

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