In this book, Allen Wood investigates Kant's conception of ethical theory, using it to develop a viable approach to the rights and moral duties of human beings. By remaining closer to Kant's own view of the aims of ethics, Wood's understanding of Kantian ethics differs from the received 'constructivist' interpretation, especially on such matters as the ground and function of ethical principles, the nature of ethical reasoning and autonomy as the ground of ethics. Wood does not hesitate to criticize and modify Kant's conclusions when they seem inconsistent with his basic principles or fail to make the best use of the resources Kantian principles make available. Of special interest are the book's treatment of such topics as freedom of the will, the state's role in securing economic justice, sexual morality, the justification of punishment, and the prohibition on lying.
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acting from duty actions agent argument Aristotle assertion autonomy basic beneﬁcence capacity categorical imperative Chapter Christine Korsgaard claim conﬂict conscience consequentialist declaration desire difﬁcult dignity doctrine duty of right duty to oneself empirical ethical duties ethical theory example fact faculty feelings ﬁnd ﬁrst formula freedom fulﬁll fundamental ground Groundwork happiness idea Immanuel Kant inclinations inﬂicted inﬂuence interpretation intuitions involves John Rawls judgment justice justiﬁed Kant regards Kant says Kant thinks Kant’s theory Kant’s view Kantian ethics kind legislation maxim means merely metaethical Metaphysics of Morals moral cognition moral law moral principles moral psychology moral rules moral worth motive norms objective one’s ourselves people’s perfect duty person philosophical position practical reason principle of morality punishment question rational nature Rawls reﬂection respect retributivism seems sexual Sidgwick signiﬁcant social speciﬁc sufﬁcient things thought trolley problems truth universal law value monism violation virtue virtue ethics volition wrong