A Dictionary of Common Wildflowers of Texas & the Southern Great Plains
TCU Press, 2005 - Nature - 178 pages
Castilleja coccinea Indian Paintbrush
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Castilleja, for Domingo Castillejo (fl. 1781), a Spanish botanist + coccinea, Latin for scarlet. Reference is to the color of the flowers.
COMMON NAME: Indian Paintbrush, from the appearance of the flowers that resemble a brush dipped in paint. American Indians obtained dye from this plant.
This typical entry from A Dictionary of Common Wildflowers of Texas and the Southern Great Plains illustrates the synthesis the book provides between scientific and common names of the plants. Intended as a companion to field guides of common flowers in the region, this dictionary offers an opportunity to reference both names. The scientific or binomial name, the genus and species, is translated from its Latin form and its original language--Latin, Greek, European, Oriental, American Indian, even a personal name--identified. The common names for flowers in this region are usually of English or Mexican Spanish origin, although many come from several American Indian languages.
The common names of some plants, like Indian paintbrush, are familiar to most residents of Texas and the Southern Plains. Others such as Tall Joe Pie-Weed, Clammyweed, or Sensitive Pea may come as a surprise. Dr. Holloway explains the reason for the common name in many cases. Sensitive pea, for instance, is named sensitive because the leaves curl when touched and pea because it produces a pod.
Thoroughly researched and current with contemporary botanical terms, this is a book that professionals will keep in their personal libraries as a reference tool and native plant enthusiasts will keep in their car for identifying flora along the road.
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achenes Agalinis Allium American angustifolia Aphanostephus appearance Argemone Asclepias Astragalus Astragalus canadensis Baptisia bloom Blue botanist bracts Cactus canadensis Cirsium Clover COMMON NAME Coneflower Coreopsis Croton Cuscuta Cuscuta cephalanthi Daisy Dalea Dandelion Desmodium Dodder drummondii Echinocactus texensis Echinocereus eidos Erigeron Eupatorium Euphorbia flower color Flower SCIENTIFIC NAME flower shape fruit Gaura genus name Goldenrod Greek growth pattern habitat hairs hairy Helianthus Houstonia Indigo inflorescence Ipomoea Ironweed Kopſtog Latin for belonging Latin for pertaining leaf leaves Lespedeza Lesquerella Liatris Lily Linum Mallow Mentzelia Milk Vetch milky sap Narrowleaf Oenothera Opuntia oveog Palafoxia Penstemon pertaining to Texas petals Phacelia Phlox phullon physician and botanist Polygonum Prairie Prickly Poppy Primrose SCIENTIFIC NAME Purple range Reference resembling Ruellia SCIENTIFIC NAME SCIENTIFICNAME seed Slender Solidago Spanish species name Spiderwort stamen stems Symphyotrichum boreale texana Thomas Drummond Thomas Nuttall Tickclover Tradescantia type of plant type specimen Verbena Vermonia Viola Violet Virginia Wild Woolly Yellow Yucca