The Living Tundra
This wide-ranging account of the life of the tundra provides a fascinating insight into the ways in which animals, plants and climate interact in an inhospitable environment. Although the tundra is not rich in species compared with habitats in the tropics or even in temperate regions, it is an area of great interest to ecologists, botanists and zoologists alike, as an excellent example of nature contending with extreme environmental stress. As a biogeographer and ecologist the author has used his firsthand experience of the Eurasian Sub-Arctic to present an overview of life on the tundra of the Soviet Northlands that has become a classic of ecological literature. The tradition of interdisciplinary studies is very strong among Soviet tundra scientists. This important book is a valuable guide to the life of the tundra and will interest all those interested in the conservation of its flora and fauna.
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Temperature and humidity in the tundra
The diversity of tundra landscapes
Snow and its role in the life of the tundra
Adaptation of living organisms to conditions in
abundance adaptation alpine arctic tundra subzone areas associations basic beetles belonging belt biotopes birds bumble-bees bunting characteristic chironomids climate colonization consume cotton-grass cowberries developed Dryas entomophilous Eurasia example falcons fauna feeding flora flowers forest tundra geese genus goose grasses ground groups habitats heat herbivorous high latitudes important inhabitants insects invertebrates lagopus Lapland bunting large numbers larvae leaf lemmings lichens lousewort mainly majority mammals meadow-like mires moss cover nesting northern occur organisms Pedicularis peregrine falcon permafrost phytophagous plakor plover polar desert pollination Poluostrov polygons predators ptarmigan reindeer role rough-legged buzzard sandpiper saxifrages sedges shrubs Siberian skua slopes snipe snow bunting snow cover snowy owl soil southern tundra subzone species steppe subarctic summer surface taiga Taymyr temperature territory thawing thick tundra landscape tundra plants tundra zone typical tundra subzone vegetation cover vole widely distributed willow grouse willow Salix winter xeromorphic zonal