Measuring the Intentional World: Realism, Naturalism, and Quantitative Methods in the Behavioral Sciences
Scientific realism has been advanced as an interpretation of the natural sciences but never the behavioral sciences. This exciting book introduces a novel version of scientific realism--Measured Realism--that characterizes the kind of theoretical progress in the social and psychological sciences that is uneven but indisputable. Trout proposes a theory of measurement--Population-Guided Estimation--that connects natural, psychological, and social scientific inquiry. Presenting quantitative methods in the behavioral sciences as at once successful and regulated by the world, Measuring the Intentional World will engage philosophers of science, historians of science, sociologists of science, and scientists interested in the foundations of their own disciplines.
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two Measurement as PopulationGuided Estimation
four Measured Realism
Epistemological Naturalism and the Measurement of Intention
six Statistical Testing and the Worlds Contribution to Rationality
seven Diverse Tests on an Independent World
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Measuring the Intentional World: Realism, Naturalism, and Quantitative ...
J. D. Trout
Limited preview - 1998
abduction account of measurement applied approximate truth argue argument assumptions behavioral sciences belief best explanation bias causal causal factors ceteris paribus chapter claims cognitive commitment conception concerning confirmation confirmational holism criticism diverse testing domain effect empirical empiricist entities entity realism epistemic epistemology error estimate evidence example experimental fact folk psychology foundationalist Fraassen frequency hypothesis independent inductive inference interpretation knowledge magnitude manipulation Measured Realism ment mercenary reliance methodological narrative methods natural sciences naturalistic objects observable ontological ontological commitment operationalist particular perceptual phenomena philosophical philosophy of science physics plausible population principles properties pseudo-robustness psychoanalysis psycholinguistic psychological quantitative methods rational reconstruction reason relation relevant remote theory robust sample scientific practice scientific realism scientists significance testing skepticism social and behavioral social sciences specific standard statistical designs studies success target theory theoretical theory conjunction tion traditional type I error typically unobservable van Fraassen version of realism