The Liberation Movement in Russia 1900-1905

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Cambridge University Press, Jun 27, 2002 - History - 336 pages
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Historians of the Russian Revolution naturally tend to concentrate their attention upon the Bolshevik 'victors' and on the Mensheyiks - ideologically the closest of their rivals, - and to neglect other political movements. For the Russian Liberals at least, Dr Galai redresses this imbalance. This book traces the nineteenth-century origins of the Liberation Movement (also known as the Liberal Movement), the social and historical conditions which led to its formation in the first years of the twentieth century, its policies, influence, initial success and ultimate failure. Against the background of the political and social crisis culminating in the 1905 Revolution, Dr Galai traces the stages by which the Liberation Movement became supreme among the forces of opposition but ultimately was defeated and disintegrated. It failed to fulfil its aim of replacing Tsarist autocracy by a constitutional-democratic regime and to demonstrate effectively that there was an alternative to the extremes of Tsarism and Bolshevism.
 

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Contents

ORIGINS
5
The beginnings of the zemstvo oppositional movement
34
The birth of the democratic intelligentsia
58
The parting of the ways
84
THE FORMATION OF THE LIBERATION MOVEMENT
109
The organization of public opinion
133
The intelligentsia in ascendency
157
The formation of the Union of Liberation
177
No enemies on the left
214
Unleashing the Revolution
232
Defeat in victory
251
The origins of Beseda
273
A bibliographical note on the writings of Kuskova and Prokopovich in the years 18989
274
Note on sources on the formation of the Liberation Movement
276
Bibliography
277
Index
317

WAR AND REVOLUTION
195
Setback and recovery
196

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