The Liberation Movement in Russia 1900-1905
Historians of the Russian Revolution naturally tend to concentrate their attention upon the Bolshevik 'victors' and on the Mensheyiks - ideologically the closest of their rivals, - and to neglect other political movements. For the Russian Liberals at least, Dr Galai redresses this imbalance. This book traces the nineteenth-century origins of the Liberation Movement (also known as the Liberal Movement), the social and historical conditions which led to its formation in the first years of the twentieth century, its policies, influence, initial success and ultimate failure. Against the background of the political and social crisis culminating in the 1905 Revolution, Dr Galai traces the stages by which the Liberation Movement became supreme among the forces of opposition but ultimately was defeated and disintegrated. It failed to fulfil its aim of replacing Tsarist autocracy by a constitutional-democratic regime and to demonstrate effectively that there was an alternative to the extremes of Tsarism and Bolshevism.
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The beginnings of the zemstvo oppositional movement
The birth of the democratic intelligentsia
The parting of the ways
THE FORMATION OF THE LIBERATION MOVEMENT
The organization of public opinion
The intelligentsia in ascendency
The formation of the Union of Liberation
WAR AND REVOLUTION
Setback and recovery
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achieve activity Akselrod apparently autocracy became Belokonskiy Beseda Bogucharskiy Brokgaus Byloye campaign chairman Chermenskiy Chernigov Chernov committees conference constitutional constitutionalists Council demands democratic developments Dolgorukov Duma Dvizheniya economic elected establishment Fischer freedom Goremykin Hence Ibid intelligentsia Istorii italics added Kharkov Kuskova Kuskova and Prokopovich leaders Legal Marxists Lenin letter liberal Slavophiles Liberation Movement Lvov majority Manifesto Milyukov moderate constitutionalists Moscow Nicholas nobility opposition organization Osvobozhdeniye Osvobozhdeniye 1904 participants party peasants Perepiska Petrunkevich Plehve Plehve's Plekhanov political Potresov Pravo Prince programme proletariat provincial zemstvo board question radical intelligentsia reforms regime representatives resolution revolutionary Revolyutsii Rodichev role Rossii RSDRP Russian Russkoye Bogatstvo Samoderzhaviye Sbornik Shakhovskoy 1V social society St Petersburg Struve Sverchkov Third Element tion Trubetskoy Tsar Tver Union of Liberation Union of Unions universal suffrage Witte Witte's workers zemstvo activists zemstvo assemblies zemstvo congress Zemstvo Constitutionalists zemstvo milieu zemstvo radicals
Page 1 - It reached its apex in the last decade of the nineteenth century and the first few years of the twentieth...