The Debates in the Several State Conventions on the Adoption of the Federal Constitution, as Recommended by the General Convention at Philadelphia, in 1787: Together with the Journal of the Federal Convention, Luther Martin's Letter, Yates's Minutes, Congressional Opinions, Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions of '98-'99, and Other Illustrations of the Constitution ...
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adoption America argument army bill of rights Britain British called Chairman citizens clause committee common common law conceive concur confederacy Confederation Congress consequence consider consideration Constitution Convention danger debts declared defects defence delegates destroy direct taxation elected England eral ernment ex post facto exclusive executive favor federacy federal court foreign GEORGE MASON give given happiness honorable gentleman honorable member interest judges judiciary jurisdiction justice land laws legislative legislature liberty MADISON manner MASON means ment miles square militia Mississippi mode nations navigation necessary necessity never object observed officers operation opinion opposed oppressive paper present President previous amendments principles proposed punishment reason regulations render representatives republican requisitions respect Rhode Island Senate situation Spain stadtholder sufficient suppose taxes thing thought tion told treaty trial by jury trust Union United Virginia vote wish
Page 50 - That government is, or ought to be, instituted for the common benefit, protection, and security, of the people, nation, or community...
Page 243 - States in Congress assembled shall from time to time direct and appoint. The taxes for paying that proportion shall be laid and levied by the authority and direction of the Legislatures of the several States within the time agreed upon by the United States in Congress assembled.
Page 242 - All charges of war, and all other expenses that shall be incurred for the common defence or general welfare, and allowed by the United States in Congress assembled, shall be defrayed out of a common treasury...
Page 421 - The United States shall guaranty to every State in this Union a republican form of government, and shall protect each of them against invasion; and on application of the legislature, or of the executive (when the legislature cannot be convened) against domestic violence.
Page 55 - ... when any government shall be found inadequate or contrary to these purposes, a majority of the community hath an indubitable, unalienable, and indefeasible right, to reform, alter, or abolish it, in such manner as shall be judged most conducive to the public weal.
Page 22 - That this is a consolidated government is demonstrably clear; and the danger of such a government is, to my mind, very striking. I have the highest veneration for those gentlemen ; but, sir, give me leave to demand, what right had they to say, " We, the People ?" My political curiosity, exclusive of my anxious solicitude for the public welfare, leads me to ask, who authorized them to speak the language of, " We, the People,
Page 652 - ... all men, having sufficient evidence of permanent common interest with, and attachment to, the community, have the right of suffrage, and cannot be taxed or deprived of their property for public uses, without their own consent, or that of their representatives so elected, nor bound by any law to which they have not, in like manner, assented, for the public good.
Page 22 - Who authorized them to speak the language of ' We, the people,' instead of ' We, the States ' ? States are the characteristics and the soul of a confederation. If the States be not the agents of this compact, it must be one great consolidated national government, of the people of all the States.
Page 642 - That no free government, or the blessings of liberty, can be preserved to any people, but by a firm adherence to justice, moderation, temperance, frugality, and virtue, and by frequent recurrence to fundamental principles.