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altar ambulacrum ancient Apostles Appia arcosolia arcosolium arenarium Basilica of St belonging Bishop bodies Bosio burial-place buried called Callixtus Cata Catacombs Cecilia celebrated ceme Cemetery of Callixtus Cemetery of St chair chamber chapel chapter Christ Christian Christian cemeteries Church conjecture constructed Cornelius cubicula cubiculum Cyprian deacons Diocletian Domitilla entrance epitaphs Eusebius evidence excavated faith feast fossors fourth century fragments gallery graves Hippolytus holy honour Inscr inscription later Liber Pontificalis loculi Lucina luminare marble Marchi marked martyrdom Martyrologies martyrs masonry monuments original ornamented Pagan paintings Papal Crypt period persecution Peter Philosophumena place of burial Pontificate Pope Damasus Pope Marcellinus portion pozzolana probably records relics Roma Sotterranea Roman Rome Rossi saints sarcophagus says seen sepulchre side Sixtus Soteris staircase subterranean cemeteries Tertullian tery testimony third century tion tomb of St traces tufa Via Appia Via Ardeatina Via Salaria walls whilst whole
Page 218 - But when such institutions were established and assumed their final shape during the second half of the fourth century and the first half of the fifth century of Islam they were, among other things, a distinct
Page 316 - I. (to whom its resting-place had been revealed in a dream), ' fresh and perfect as when it was first laid in the tomb, and clad in rich garments mixed with gold, with linen cloths stained with blood rolled up at her feet, lying in a cypress coffin.4 Close to the entrance of the cubicnlum, upon the wall, it a painting of Cecilia, 'a woman richly attired, and adorned with bracelets and necklaces.
Page 164 - Not far from the city walls, among the well trimmed orchards, there lies a crypt buried in darksome pits. Into its secret recesses a steep path with winding stairs directs one, though the turnings shut out the light.
Page 165 - Early in the morning men come to salute (Hippolytus): all the youth of the place worship here : they come and go until the setting of the sun. Love of religion collects together into one dense crowd both Latins and foreigners; they imprint their kisses on the shining silver; they pour out their sweet balsams; they bedew their faces with tears.
Page 123 - The peculiarities are such as these :—paintings in the most classical style, and scarcely inferior in execution to the best specimens of contemporary pagan art; a system of ornamentation in fine stucco such as has not yet been found in any Christian subterranean work later than the second century; crypts of considerable dimensions, not hewn out of the bare rock, but carefully, and even elegantly, built with pilasters and cornices of...
Page 238 - And when he opened the fifth seal, I saw underneath the altar the souls of them that had been slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held...
Page 356 - Beneath the pictures stands the pillar which held one of the vases of oil which were always kept burning before the shrines of the martyrs. Beyond the tomb, at the end of the gallery, is another painting of two bishops, S.
Page 302 - Quis mage virgineum placuit retinere pudorem. Hic fateor Damasus volui mea condere membra, Sed cineres timui sanctos vexare Piorum.
Page 163 - ... in the bowels of the earth. The walls on either side as you enter are full of the bodies of the dead, and the whole place is so dark that one seems almost to see the fulfilment of those words of the prophet, ' Let them go down alive into Hades...
Page 165 - ... cavern, there occur at intervals apertures cut in the roof which convey the bright rays of the sun upon the cave. Although the recesses, twisting at random this way and that, form narrow chambers with darksome galleries, yet a considerable quantity of light finds its way through the pierced vaulting down into the hollow bowels of the mountain. And thus throughout the subterranean crypt it is possible to perceive the brightness and enjoy the light of the absent sun. To such secret places is the...