Leviatán: o la materia, forma y poder de una república, eclesiástica y civil

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Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1984 - Philosophy - 618 pages
De las sensaciones - De la imaginación - Del lenguaje - De la razón y la ciencia - De los fines o resoluciones del discurso - De las distintas materias del conocimiento - De la diferencia de maneras - De la religión - De la primera y de la segunda leyes naturales, y de los contratos - De otras leyes de naturaleza - De las personas, autores y cosas personificadas - De las causas, generación y definición de un estado - De las diversas especies de gobierno por institución, y de la sucesión en el poder soberano - De la nutrición y preparación de un estado - Del consejo - De las leyes civiles - De las penas y las recompensas - De la misión del representante soberano -Del reino de Dios por naturaleza - De los principios de la política cristiana - Del significado de espíritu, ángel e inspiración en los libros de la Sagrada Escritura - De la palabra de Dios y de los profetas - De los milagros y su uso - De la significación de la palabra Iglesia en la Escritura - De la misión de nuestro Bendito ...

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Soberanìa puede residir en un hombre o en una asamblea Pag.151

About the author (1984)

Thomas Hobbes was born in Malmesbury, the son of a wayward country vicar. He was educated at Magdalen Hall, Oxford, and was supported during his long life by the wealthy Cavendish family, the Earls of Devonshire. Traveling widely, he met many of the leading intellectuals of the day, including Francis Bacon, Galileo Galilei, and Rene Descartes. As a philosopher and political theorist, Hobbes established---along with, but independently of, Descartes---early modern modes of thought in reaction to the scholasticism that characterized the seventeenth century. Because of his ideas, he was constantly in dispute with scientists and theologians, and many of his works were banned. His writings on psychology raised the possibility (later realized) that psychology could become a natural science, but his theory of politics is his most enduring achievement. In brief, his theory states that the problem of establishing order in society requires a sovereign to whom people owe loyalty and who in turn has duties toward his or her subjects. His prose masterpiece Leviathan (1651) is regarded as a major contribution to the theory of the state.

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