The Demography of Roman Egypt
The traditional demographic regime of ancient Greece and Rome is almost entirely unknown; but our best chance for understanding its characteristics is provided by the three hundred census returns that survive on papyri from Roman Egypt. These returns, which date from the first three centuries AD, list the members of ordinary households living in the Nile valley: not only family members, but lodgers and slaves. The Demography of Roman Egypt has a complete and accurate catalogue of all demographically relevant information contained in the returns. On the basis of this catalogue, the authors use modern demographic methods and models to reconstruct the patterns of mortality, marriage, fertility and migration that are likely to have prevailed in Roman Egypt. They recreate a more or less typical Mediterranean population as it survived and prospered nearly two millennia ago.
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1 The census returns
2 The census returns as demographic evidence
4 Female life expectancy
5 Male life expectancy and the sex ratio
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Aegyptus age distribution age lost Free age-speciﬁc aged 15 alias Antinoopolis Antonine plague Apollonios Arsinoe Arsinoite attested average BASP 28 Berlin BGUI Broken at left Broken at top brother brother-sister marriage census returns Chapter Complete Date daughter declarant’s Demeny demographic Didymos Dioskoros Discussion divorced E. A. Wrigley Egyptian Eudaimon Family members female age fertility rates ﬁgures ﬁrst ﬁve growth rate Hephaistion Herakleides Herakles Herieus Heron Horos HOUSEHOLD husband Karanis kyrios Line listed lodgers lost Free non-kin males aged marriage married metropoleis metropolitan Model West mortality mother Nesos NN declarant NN no.1 nome ofﬁcial Oxyrhynchos P.Brux P.Lond Panephremmis Pantbeus papyrus percent persons photograph Pnepheros preserved Verif./photo probably Prosopite Prov Ptolemaios reconstructed registered renters retums Roman Egypt S0urce Sarapias Sarapion Satabous seen sex ratio signiﬁcant sister slaves Soknopaiou Nesos Source Stemma Stotoetis surviving Table Tebtunis Theognostos Thermoutharion Thermouthis tion villages wife women