Plants on Islands: Diversity and Dynamics on a Continental Archipelago
This thorough and meticulous study, the result of nearly a quarter-century of research, examines the island biogeography of plants on continental islands in Barkley Sound, British Columbia. Invaluable both because of its geographical setting and because of the duration of the study, Plants on Islands summarizes the diversity, dynamics, and distribution of the approximately three hundred species of plants on more than two hundred islands. Martin Cody uses his extensive data set to test various aspects of island biogeographic theory. His thoughtful analysis, constrained by taxon and region, elucidates and enhances the understanding of the biogeographic patterns and dynamics. He provides an overview of the basic theory, concepts, and analytical tools of island biogeography. Also discussed are island relaxation to lower equilibrium species numbers post-isolation, plant distributions variously limited by island area, isolation and climatic differences, adaptation to local abiotic and biotic environments within islands, and the evolution of different island phenotypes. The book concludes with a valuable consideration of equilibrium concepts and of the interplay of coexistence and competition. Certain to challenge, Plants on Islands is among the first books to critically analyze the central tenets of the theory of island biogeography.
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Species Turnover in Time and Island Size
Species Turnover in Space
DISPERSAL SYNDROMES INCIDENCE AND DYNAMICS
Drifters on the Sea
Drifters on the Wind
ECOLOGICAL AND EVOLUTIONARY SHIFTS ON CONTINENTAL ISLANDS
Colonization and Extinction Data
Generalities Specifics and Modifications of the MW Model
SPECIES NUMBER ISLAND AREA AND ISOLATION
Cumulative Species Numbers
Species Richness on Islands
NESTEDNESS AND ASSEMBLY RULES
SPECIES TURNOVER IN SPACE AND TIME
Ecological Shifts in Impoverished Biotas
Evolutionary Shifts in Isolated Populations
SYNOPSIS LESSONS FROM A CONTINENTAL ARCHIPELAGO
Is There an Equilibrium out There?
Colonization and Extinction Dynamics
Coexistence and a Potential Role for Competition
Adaptation Evolution Conservation
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A–D islands abscissa achene alien anemochores Anemochory AREAFL AREAVP Asteraceae Atriplex patula Bamﬁeld Barkley Sound Barkley Sound islands beaches Birds Cakile Cakile edentula Carex census censuses coefﬁcients colonists colonization and extinction colonization rates common cumulative species dispersal distance distribution E-group E-group islands edge species elevation extinction rates fern Festuca ﬁgure ﬁrst ﬁve forbs forest species fronds grasses Grindelia integrifolia habitat higher Hordeum Hosie Hypochaeris incidence increasing island area island groups island records Island Size Class islets Lactuca lands larger islands Lathyrus japonicus Lonicera involucrata lower mainland maritima native neighbors number of islands number of species Paciﬁc pappus persistence plant species Plantago Polypodium scouleri propagules Puccinellia regression relative residents Ross Rubus sea levels Senecio shoreline species shrubs signiﬁcant signiﬁcantly slugs small islands smaller Sound islands species counts species numbers species richness species turnover species-area curves speciﬁc taxa tion upper Vaccinium variation vegetation Vicea
Page 250 - GW 1999. Alien Species in North America and Hawaii: Impacts on Natural Ecosystems.