Introduction to the Modern Economic History of the Middle East

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Brill Archive, 1980 - Business & Economics - 431 pages
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Contents

The Growth of the National Debt Caisse de la Dette Publique
5
Land and Taxes the Focus of the Feudal SystemDuality of Centralism
10
The Middle Eastern City and the Guilds
18
LIST OF APPENDICES Regarding Parts IIII
20
Agreement of May 28th 1901 between the Government of His Imperial
23
Attempts at Reform in the Ottoman Empire and Expansion
28
The Ottoman Land Code
40
The Spread of Foreign Concessions
49
The Structure and Trends of Foreign Trade
233
Structure of Egypts Foreign Trade 19131935
234
Distribution of the Population in the French Mandate Area 19211938
237
Religious and National Distribution of the Population of Iraq in 1919
239
Economic Policy and Reality
241
School Network in Iraq in 193638
248
Currency and Public Finances
249
Development of Main Sources of Revenue of the Iraqi Budget 19271939
256

The Ottoman Finances and Economy
55
The Public Debt
63
The Patterns of Production and Services in the Ottoman Economy in
71
The Economic Development of Egypt in the Nineteenth Century
81
Mehmed Alis Industrialisation DriveThe System of Monopolies
88
A Retrospect of the First Half of the 19th Century
94
The Economic Consequences of Ismails Rule
110
Economic and Political Control by the British
117
Burden of Interest on the Egyptian Economy during the Years 18801929
122
The Egyptian Economy on the Eve of the First World War
124
The Changes in the Distribution of Landed Property in Egypt 18961916
126
Suez Canal Traffic 18701948
137
Shortening of Communication Lines by the Suez Canal
138
Persia and its Economic Problems in the 19th and 20th Century
140
The Competition
149
The Social Struc
155
The Middle East at the End of the First World
165
The Economic Development of Republican Turkey
172
The Economic Development of the Twenties and Its Limitations
179
Increase in the Credit of the Agricultural Bank of Turkey during the Years 19221929
182
The Causes of the Changes in Economic Policy
186
The Budgets of Turkey during the Years 193031193940
192
The Five Year Plans
194
Changes in the Consumption Level in Turkey during the Thirties
201
Persia between the Two World Wars
203
Comparison between Receipts and Expenses of the Persian Budget for the Years 19245 and 19389
207
Average Yields in kg per Hectare in 193438 Egypt Persia Sudan Turkey
209
Formation of State Economy
210
Persias Foreign Trade 1939
213
The Egyptian Economy during the Twenties and Thirties
218
Food Consumption in Egypt
219
The Occupational Structure of the Egyptian Population prior to the Outbreak of the Second World War
223
Egyptian Budgets 19293019378
225
The Agricultural Sector and Agrarian Policies
226
Distribution of Crop Areas in Egypt during the Thirties
228
Growth of Egyptian Industry 19271945
231
Government Investments in Iraq in the Years 19271939
257
The Budgets of Iraq for the Years 19271939
258
Transport and Communications
259
The Industrial Sector
268
Foreign Trade and Balance of Payments
273
Iraqs Balance of Payments in 19389
277
Summary
279
Per Capita Consumption of Food in Egypt England and the U S A in 1937
284
Per Capita Savings in 1938 Comparative Table
287
Interpretation of the Distinction between Ushr and Kharadj Lands by AbQ Yusuf Yakub
293
Capitulation with France 1535
295
Capitulations between Great Britain and the Ottoman Empire 1675
298
Treaty of Commerce and Navigation between the United States and the Ottoman Porte 1830
306
Imperial Ottoman Firman for the Protection of English Steam Vessels Destined to Navigate the River Euphrates 1834
307
Convention of Commerce and Navigation between Her Majesty and the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire BaltaLiman 1838
308
The Hatti Sherif of Giilhane 1839
310
The Hatti Hiimayun by Sultan Abdul Mejid 1856
311
The Ottoman Land Code 1858
312
Treaty of Commerce and Navigation between Her Majesty and the Sultan 1861
315
Decree of 28 Muharrem 1299 December 820 1881
320
The Baghdad Railway Convention 1903
332
Ottoman Circular announcing the Abrogation of the Capitulations 1914
343
Second Act of Concession and Specification for the Construction and Management of the Great Maritime Suez Canal 1856 with the modi fications up...
344
Decree for the Establishment of a Treasury of the Public Debt in Egypt 1876
348
Convention between Great Britain Germany AustriaHungary Spain France Italy the Netherlands Russia and Turkey respecting the Free Navigation of ...
350
Homestead Exemption Law Five Feddans Law 1912
352
AngloPersian Commercial Treaty 1801
354
Treaty of Friendship and Commerce between the United States and Persia 1856
355
Concession of the Tobacco Regie in Persia 1890
358
Convention between the United Kingdom and Russia relating to Persia
362
Article 22 of the Covenant of the League of Nations
370
Soviet Caspian Sea Fisheries Concession in Persia 1927
381
Bibliography
401
Index
412
Budgets of the Ottoman Empire by Fiscal Year between 1909
426
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