The Black Christ of Esquipulas: Religion and Identity in Guatemala

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U of Nebraska Press, 2016 - History - 240 pages
On the eastern border of Guatemala and Honduras, pilgrims and travelers flock to the Black Christ of Esquipulas, a large statue carved from wood depicting Christ on the cross. The Catholic shrine, built in the late sixteenth century, has become the focal point of admiration and adoration from New Mexico to Panama. Beyond being a site of popular devotion, however, the Black Christ of Esquipulas was also the scene of important debates about citizenship and identity in the Guatemalan nation throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. In The Black Christ of Esquipulas, Douglass Sullivan-González explores the multifaceted appeal of this famous shrine, its mysterious changes in color over the centuries, and its deeper significance in the spiritual and political lives of Guatemalans. Reconstructed from letters buried within the restricted Catholic Church archive in Guatemala City, the debates surrounding the shrine reflect the shifting categories of race and ethnicity throughout the course of the country’s political trajectory. This “biography” of the Black Christ of Esquipulas serves as an alternative history of Guatemala and sheds light on some of the most salient themes in Guatemala’s social and political history: state formation, interethnic dynamics, and church-state tensions. Sullivan-González’s study provides a holistic understanding of the relevance of faith and ritual to the social and political history of this influential region.
 

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Contents

The Crucified Christ of Esquipulas
1
1 Power and Identity in the Making of Colonial Guatemala
17
2 The Liberal State and the Conservative Church
53
3 Carrera the Church and the Color of the Christ
81
4 The Liberal Republic and Religious Competition
101
5 Revolution Counterrevolution and Religion
127
6 The Black Christ of Esquipulas
153
Notes
161
Bibliography
183
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About the author (2016)

Douglass Sullivan-González is dean of the Sally McDonnell Barksdale Honors College and a professor of history at the University of Mississippi.

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