The First Crusade: "The Chronicle of Fulcher of Chartres" and Other Source Materials

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University of Pennsylvania Press, Jun 18, 1998 - Biography & Autobiography - 317 pages
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The First Crusade received its name and shape late. To its contemporaries, the event was a journey and the men who took part in it pilgrims. Only later were those participants dubbed Crusaders—"those signed with the Cross." In fact, many developments with regard to the First Crusade, like the bestowing of the cross and the elaboration of Crusaders' privileges, did not occur until the late twelfth century, almost one hundred years after the event itself.

In a greatly expanded second edition, Edward Peters brings together the primary texts that document eleventh-century reform ecclesiology, the appearance of new social groups and their attitudes, the institutional and literary evidence dealing with Holy War and pilgrimage, and, most important, the firsthand experiences by men who participated in the events of 1095-1099.

Peters supplements his previous work by including a considerable number of texts not available at the time of the original publication. The new material, which constitutes nearly one-third of the book, consists chiefly of materials from non-Christian sources, especially translations of documents written in Hebrew and Arabic. In addition, Peters has extensively revised and expanded the Introduction to address the most important issues of recent scholarship.

 

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Contents

Pope Urban II at the Council of Clermont November 271095
25
The Version of Robert of Rheims
26
The Version of Baldric of Dol
29
The Version of Guibert of Nogent
33
5 The Privilege of Urban to the Pilgrims
37
6 The Truce of God Proclaimed in the Diocese of Cologne
38
7 The Truce of God Proclaimed at the Council of Clermont
41
8 Urbans Letter to the Faithful in Flanders December 1095
42
3 The Version of Raymond dAguilers
191
The Gesta Version
193
The Version of Raymond dAguilers
196
The Version of Peter Tudebode
199
The Gesta Version
202
The Version of Raymond dAguilers
205
The Gesta Version
206
The Version of Raymond dAguilers
211

10 Urbans Letter to His Supporters in Bologna September 1096
44
12 Urbans Letter to the Counts of Besalu Empurias Roussilon and Cerdana and Their Followers
45
The Chronicle of Fulcher of Chartres Book I 10951100
47
Peter the Hermit and the Crusade of the People MarchOctober 1096
102
The Version of Guibert of Xogent
103
The Version of William of Tyre
107
The Version of Albert of Aachen
109
The Version of Ekkehard of Aura
112
The Version of Solomon ben Simson
125
The Version of Albert of Aachen
139
The Version of Ekkehard of Aura
140
The Version of Anna Comnena
143
The Gesta Version
144
The Version of Albert of Aachen
146
The Version of Anna Comnena
150
The Journey to Constantinople August 1096May 1097
152
The Version of Albert of Aachen
153
The Version of Raymond dAguilers
156
The Crusaders at Constantinople October 1096May 1097
159
The Gesta Version
161
The Version of Albert of Aachen
162
The Version of Anna Comnena
168
The Version of Peter Tudebode
171
The Gesta Version
173
The Version of Anna Comnena
174
The Version of Raymond dAguilers
177
The Gesta Version
178
The Version of Anna Comnena
179
The Siege and Capture of Nicaea MayJune 1097
180
2 The Version of Raymond dAguilers
182
3 The Version of Anna Comnena
184
4 The Letter of Emperor Alexius I to the Abbot of Monte Cassino
185
The Siege and Capture of Antioch Kerboghas Attack and the Discovery of the Holy Lance October 1097July 1098
187
The Version of Peter Tudebode
188
2 The Gesta Version
189
The Gesta Version
213
The Version of Raymond dAguilers
215
The Gesta Version
221
The Version of Raymond dAguilers
224
The Version of Ibn alAthir
228
The Version of Ibn alQalanisi
231
The Version of Ibn alAthir
233
The Version of Ibn alQalanisi
235
The Version of Ibn alQalanisi
236
The Siege and Capture of Jerusalem JuneJulv 1099
238
The Version of Raymond dAguilers
239
The Version of Peter Tudebode
245
The Version of Raymond dAguilers
249
The Gesta Version
255
The Version of Raymond dAguilers
256
The Gesta Version
261
The Geniza Letters
263
The Version of Ibn alAthir
272
The Version of Ibn alQalanisi
274
The Version of Ibn alQalanisi
275
The Version of Peter Tudebode
277
From the Chronicle of Fulcher of Chartres Book III
281
IX Letters of the Crusaders
283
2 Anselm of Ribemont to Manasses II Archbishop of Rheims Antioch February 101098
284
3 Stephen Count of Blois and Chartres to His Wife Adele Antioch March 291098
287
4 Anselm of Ribemont to Manasses II Archbishop of Rheims Antioch July 1098
289
5 The People of Lucca on Crusade to All Faithful Christians Antioch October 1098
291
6 Godfrey of Bouillon Raymond of St Gilles and Daimbert to Pope Paschal II Laodicea September 1099
292
7 Manasses II Archbishop of Rheims to Lambert Bishop of Arras 1099
296
8 Pope Paschal II to the Clergy in Gaul 1099
297
Three Problematic Texts
298
2 La Chanson dAntioche
302
3 Nomen a solemnibus
307
Bibliographical Essay
309
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About the author (1998)

Edward Peters is Henry Charles Lea Professor of History at the University of Pennsylvania. His publications include The Magician, the Witch, and the Law; The First Crusade; Heresy and Authority in Medieval Europe; and, with Alan C. Kors, Witchcraft in Europe, 400-1700: A Documentary History, all available from the University of Pennsylvania Press.

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