Spiritual Titanism: Indian, Chinese, and Western Perspectives
This work in comparative philosophy uses the concept of Titanism to critique certain trends in both Eastern and Western philosophy. Titanism is an extreme form of humanism in which human beings take on divine attributes and prerogatives. The author finds the most explicit forms of spiritual Titanism in the Jaina, Samkhya, and Yoga traditions, where yogis claim powers and knowledge that in the West are only attributed to God. These philosophies are also radically dualistic, and liberation involves a complete transcendence of the body, society, and nature. Five types of spiritual Titanism are identified; and, in addition to this typology, a heuristic based on Nietzsche's three metamorphoses of camel, lion, and child is offered. The book determines that answers to spiritual Titanism begin not only with the Hindu Goddess religion, but also are found in Buddhism, Confucianism, and Daoism, especially Zen Buddhism and Confucianism.
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Advaita Vedanta anekantavada ascetic Asian Asuras Aurobindo become body Brahman Buddha Buddhist called chap chapter child Chinese Christian Chuang Chuang-tzu claim concept Confucian Confucius constructive postmodern Cosmic Triad Daodejing Daoist Daoist sage deconstructive deity Devas Devi dialectic divine doctrine Doniger O'Flaherty dualism eternal evil Gnostic Gnostic Titanism Goddess gods Graham Greek Heaven and Earth Hindu human humanists Hundun Ibid idea immortality Indian Titanism interpretation Isvara Jaina Jaini Jainism Kalupahana Kripal Krsna liberation Machle Mahavira Mahayana male means Mencius metaphysics modern monism moral Mother myth Mythology nature Nietzsche Nietzsche's omniscience Pali perfect person philosophy prakrti premodern Prometheus Purana Purusa Purusa hymn Ramakrishna reject relational religion sakti Samkhya Samkhya-Yoga shen Siddhas Siva social soul spiritual Titanism SUNY Press Tantric things Tian tion tradition trans transcendent Tu Wei-ming Ubermensch universe Upanisad Vedic virtue Visnu Vivekananda Western worship Xunzi Yoga Yoga Titanism yogi Zarathustra Zeus Zhuangzi