The Moral Instructor and Guide to Virtue and Happiness

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author, 1819 - Ethics - 228 pages
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Page 8 - Promote, then, as an object of primary importance, institutions for the general diffusion of knowledge. In proportion as the structure of a government gives force to public opinion, it is essential that public opinion should be enlightened.
Page 206 - The earth must be laboured before it gives its increase, and when it is forced into its several products, how many hands must they pass through before they are fit for use ! Manufactures, trade, and agriculture, naturally employ more than nineteen parts of the species in twenty...
Page 208 - Blistering, cupping, bleeding are seldom of use but to the idle and intemperate ; as all those inward applications which are so much in practice among us, are for the most part nothing else but expedients to make luxury consistent with health. The apothecary is perpetually employed in countermining the cook and the vintner.
Page 178 - ... the method of coming at the will of God, concerning any action by the light of nature, is to inquire into the tendency of that action to promote or diminish the general happiness.
Page 172 - ... such as lead a monastic life. Of the same nature with the indulgence of our domestic affections, and equally refreshing to the spirits, is the pleasure which results from acts of bounty and beneficence, exercised either in giving "money or in imparting to those •who want it (he assistance of our skill and profession. Another main article of human happiness is, II. The exercise of our faculties, either of body or mind, in the pursuit of some engaging end.
Page 209 - For my part, when I behold a fashionable table set out in all its magnificence, I fancy that I see gouts and dropsies, fevers and lethargies, with other innumerable distempers, lying in ambuscade among the dishes.
Page 172 - All that can be said is, that there remains a presumption in favour of those conditions of life, in which men generally appear most cheerful and contented. For though the apparent happiness of mankind be not always a true measure of their real happiness, it is the best measure we have.
Page 186 - Whence a person who is provided with neither (and neither can be acquired without exercise and instruction) will be useless; and he that is useless, will generally be at the same time mischievous to the community. So that to send an uneducated child into the world, is injurious to the rest of mankind ; it is little better than to turn out a mad dog or a wild beast into the streets.
Page 174 - When we are in perfect health and spirits, we feel in ourselves a happiness independent of any particular outward gratification whatever, and of which we can give no account. This is an enjoyment which the Deity has annexed to life ; and it probably constitutes, in a great measure, the happiness of infants and brutes, especially of the lower and sedentary- orders of animals, as of oysters, periwinkles, and the like ; for which I have sometimes been at a loss to find out amusement.
Page 207 - ... ball of wood, and filled it with several drugs; after which he closed it up so artificially that nothing appeared. He likewise took a mall, and after having hollowed the handle, and that part which strikes the ball, he inclosed in them several drugs after the game manner as in the ball itself.

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