Social Psychology of Intergroup Reconciliation: From Violent Conflict to Peaceful Co-Existence
Arie Nadler, Thomas Malloy, Jeffrey D. Fisher
Oxford University Press, Mar 10, 2008 - Psychology - 512 pages
The volume begins with an overview by Herbert Kelman discussing reconciliation as distinct from related processes of conflict settlement and conflict resolution. Following that, the first section of the volume focuses on intergroup reconciliation as consisting of moving beyond feelings of guilt and victimization (i.e., socio-emotional reconciliation). These processes include acceptance of responsibility for past wrongdoings and being forgiven in return. Such processes must occur on the background of restoring and maintaining feelings of esteem and respect for each of the parties. The chapters in the second section focus on processes through which parties learn to co-exist in a conflict free environment and trust each other (i.e., instrumental reconciliation). Such learning results from prolonged contact between adversarial groups under optimal conditions. Chapters in this section highlight the critical role of identity related processes (e.g., common identity) and power equality in this context. The contributions in the third part apply the social-psychological insights discussed previously to an analysis of real world programs to bring reconciliation (e.g., Tutsis and Hutus in Rwanda, Israelis and Palestinians, and African societies plagued by the HIV epidemic and the Western aid donors). In a concluding chapter Morton Deutsch shares his insights on intergroup reconciliation that have accumulated in close to six decades of work on conflict and its resolution.
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apartheid approach attitudes Bar-Tal behavior Branscombe Brewer chapter cognitive collective guilt competition conflict resolution context cooperation create cultural differentiation discrimination Doosje Dovidio effects egosystem empathy ethnic example feel Fiske Gaertner genocide goals group identity harm Hewstone human Hutus identified important in-group bias in-group members individuals interaction intergroup bias intergroup conflict intergroup contact intergroup emotions intergroup forgiveness intergroup reconciliation intergroup relations involved Israelis Journal of Personality Journal of Social justice Kelman legitimacy Mapuche moral motivation Nadler Na´ve realism negative Northern Ireland one’s other’s out-group members Palestinians participants parties peaceful coexistence perceived perceptions perpetrators Personality and Social perspective political positive prejudice processes programs promote reduce relationship respect responses role Rwanda schadenfreude self-esteem self-integrity Sherif social identity theory Social Psychology Social Psychology Bulletin society socioemotional reconciliation status Staub Stephan stereotypes superordinate Tajfel threat tion trauma trust Turner Tutsis University Press victims violence York