Le philosophe et la théologie

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Vrin, 2005 - Philosophy - 216 pages
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Voici un livre de reflexions barde de souvenirs, un livre de souvenirs entrelarde de reflexion: tout se tient etroitement dans cettte autobiographie de la pensee gilsonienne . D'innombrables figures passent au fond de ces pages, celles que l'auteur a rencontrees sur sa route, celles qu'il a aimees, celles auxquelles il s'est heurte: Bergson, Durkheim, Laberthonniere, Sertillanges, Maurras, Maritain, ..., portraits etincelants de verve. L' Universite des maitres est ici campee dans les premieres annees du XXe siecle, avec la diversite de son enseignement et une situation particuliere pour la philosophie ou le programme consistait a apprendre a philosopher sans metaphysique .

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Préface par JeanFrançois COURTINE
Les enfances théologiques
Universitas magistorum
Le désordre
La théologie perdue
La théologie retrouvée
Le cas Bergson
Les absences de la Sagesse
La revanche de Bergson
La philosophie chrétienne
Lart dêtre thomiste
Lavenir de la philosophie chrétienne
Index alphabétique des noms cités

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About the author (2005)

Born in Paris, Etienne Gilson was educated at the University of Paris. He became professor of medieval philosophy at the Sorbonne in 1921, and in 1932 was appointed to the chair in medieval philosophy at the College de France. In 1929 he cooperated with the members of the Congregation of Priests of St. Basil, in Toronto, Canada, to found the Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies in association with St. Michael's College at the University of Toronto. Gilson served as professor and director of studies at the institute. Like his fellow countryman Jacques Maritain, Etienne Gilson was a neo-Thomist for whom Christian revelation is an indispensable auxiliary to reason, and on faith he accepted Christian doctrine as advocated by the Roman Catholic church. At the same time, like St. Thomas Aquinas, he accorded reason a wide compass of operation, maintaining that it could demonstrate the existence of God and the necessity of revelation, with which he considered it compatible. Why anything exists is a question that science cannot answer and may even deem senseless. Gilson found the answer to be that "each and every particular existing thing depends for its existence on a pure Act of existence." God is the supreme Act of existing. An authority on the Christian philosophy of the Middle Ages, Gilson lectured widely on theology, art, the history of ideas, and the medieval world.

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