Medieval and Modern Greek
To speakers of modern Greek the Homeric poems of the 7th century BC are not written in a foreign language. The Greek language has enjoyed a continuous tradition from earliest times until now. This book traces its history from the immediately post-classical or Hellenistic period to the present day. The aim is both to analyse the changing structure of a language stabilised by a peculiarly long and continuous literary tradition, and to show how changing historical circumstances are reflected in its development. In particular the historical roots of modern Greek's internal bilingualism are traced.
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Greek in the Hellenistic world and the Roman empire
The Greek language in the early middle ages 6th century1100
The Greek language in the later middle ages 11001453
Greek in the Turkish period
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adjectives ancient Greek aorist Arab archaic areas Asia Minor Attic became borrowings Byzantine Byzantine empire calques century B.C. Chronicle classical Greek common demotic common spoken compound consonant Constantinople Cretan Crete Cypriot Cyprus dative diglossy distinction early Ecloga elements empire feminine future genitive Gignac Greece Greek communities Greek dialects Greek language Greek world Greek-speaking Hellenistic indicative infinitive influence inscriptions Ionian islands Ionic Italian katharevousa Koine Greek late Koine lexical linguistic form literary language literary texts living speech loan-words medieval and modern medieval Greek middle ages Mirambel modern Greek dialects morphology national language nouns optative origin papyri paradigm participle particular patterns Peloponnese period under review periphrases phonetic phonological phonology poems poetry present probably pronoun Psichari purist language replaced Romance side by side Slavonic speakers spoken Greek spoken language spoken tongue stems subjunctive substantives suffixes survive tradition Tsakonian verbal verbs vernacular literature vocabulary vowel words writing written